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I have house in Ahmadabad. Since six months i am finding cracks in three walls.

Sun May 21, 2017Total posts : 3
Naimish Patel
Naimish Patel
Join date: May 2017
Topic: I have house in Ahmadabad. Since six months i am finding cracks in three walls.

I have house in Ahmadabad. Since six months i am finding cracks in three walls. I have one story bulding and cracks are found at Ground floor. How to get repair it by best and full proof way. It is on Load bearing wall.
Mon May 22, 2017Post  #1
S L Gupta (Civil Engg)
S L Gupta (Civil Engg)

Join date: Mar 2008
Dear Sir,
   See the link below

How To Repair Cracks

Cracks must be repaired immediately when observed otherwise the life of structure will reduce causing structural failure. They not only weaken the building but spoil the beauty of walls also. This write up tells you about repair of cracks in plaster, RCC member, Brick walls, Floor and Fine Cracks.  
 
The cracks can be prevented at the time of construction. To know more about prevention of cracks during construction, click at the link below.

 

Repair Cracks in Plaster

 
Two types of cracks are found on surface of plaster i.e. A. Crack with hollow sound in plaster.  B. Crack with no hollow sound in plaster. Hollow sound can be checked by striking the plaster. 

A. Repair cracks giving hollow sound

Remove plaster applying proper cut

Defective plaster should be removed and the edges should be slightly cut in square or rectangular shape to provide a neat joint.

Prepare the surface thoroughly

Clean the surface with wire brushes and wash it. Wet the surface 24 hours before application of cement mortar.

Apply fresh cement mortar and finish the surface

Defective portion should be filled in with cement mortar. Keep the surface wet at least for 3 days. When surface is dry, finish it according to adjoining area on the wall.

B. Repair cracks if it is solid without hollow sound

Clean cracked portion of all loose materials and fill crack seal sealants in cracked portion. Finally finish the surface according to adjoining area. 
 

Cracks in plastered surface

 

Cracks in plaster

Prepare surface for Crack Repair

 

Repair Cracks in plastred Surface

 
NOTE: Plastering is done after cleaning. To know the process of ‘Plastering’ click on the link
 
 

Repair Cracks on RCC Surface

Clean cracked portion and apply guniting

The cracked portion should be widen gently and be cleaned of all loose materials.  Fill the cracked portion by pressure grouting or ‘guniting’. The material for such grouting can be epoxy or cement (with suitable admixture).

Apply epoxy and finish the surface

Epoxy has more strength and adhesion than cement and can go into very thin cracks as fine as 0.1 mm. The surface should be finished according to adjacent area on the wall.
Note: The cracks in RCC members/ structural members should be repaired immediately with consultation form structural engineer/professional.

Repair Cracks on face of plaster

When two components having different elastic properties such as RCC slab and brick work abating each other, the crack on face of plaster is formed between these components due to their thermal expansion. 
 

Remove plaster and old material

The plaster should be removed from cracked portion. The joints should be widened at least 20 mm to 25 mm in thickness. Clean old material by washing and brushing.

Apply cut and prepare the surface

Apply slight cut on edges in straight line to provide neat joint. Make the surface damp 24 hours before application of new plaster.

Apply cement mortar

Cement mortar should be applied on defective portion. Make 20 mm wide and 25 mm thick groove at the junction of two materials/components.

Do curing and finishing

Keep the surface wet at least for 3 days. When surface is dry, finish it according to adjacent area on wall. 

Cracks in RCC surface


Repair cracks in RCC surface


Repair Cracks in Masonry Walls

Two types of cracks are seen in masonry walls i.e.  A. Crack in mortar joints of walls.  B. Crack in bricks/Diagonal Cracks  

A. Repair cracks in mortar joints of walls

Remove mortar

The mortar should be removed from cracked joint with the help of iron tools at least up to 25 mm depth. All loose material should be cleaned from cracked portion.

Wet the surface and apply cement mortar

Cracked portion must be kept moist at least for 24 hours before doing repair. Fill in the joints with cement mortar of coarse sand in 1:4.

Do curing and finishing

After filling the joints with cement mortar, keep the repaired surface wet at least for 3 days. After drying the surface, finish the repaired area according to the adjoining area.
 
 

Crack in Wall

 

B. Repair cracks in bricks/diagonal cracks 

Remove broken bricks

Before doing any repair of cracks, make sure that the cracks are stabilized and are not widening further. Remove broken bricks by scratching cement mortar from the joints gently.
 

Prepare the surface

All loose material should be cleaned from the portion by brushing and washing. Wet the surface 24 hours before application of new plaster.

Fix new bricks thoroughly

Lay fresh cement mortar with coarse sand in 1:4 and fix new bricks. Fill all joints around bricks with mortar tightly with the help of iron tools. 
 

Do curing and finishing

The repaired surface should be kept moist up to 7 days.  When surface is dry, it should be finished according to adjoining area. 

 

Repair Cracks in Floor  

Remove loose material and apply mortar

Create V shape groove in cracked portion and remove all loose material by washing and brushing. Fill in the groove with polymer modified mortar (for wide cracks) or with polymer modified cement grout (for thin cracks).

Remove cracked panel or material

If there are many cracks in the floor, remove cracked panels and old materials.

Prepare the surface and lay new panel

Clean the panel by washing and brushing. Prepare floor material according to the existing floor and lay new panel.
 
Note: To know more on ‘How to Lay Floor’ in detail, you can click at the link given below on our website. 

 

 
Sat May 27, 2017Post  #2
Naimish Patel
Naimish Patel

Join date: May 2017
Thank you Gupta sir, 

I will get immediate actions for repair. 
There are diagonal crack on all three walls of GF room

I contacted contractor who made house. He has suggested that, Walls are to be removed with proper support to first floor.
.walls will be removed and dig up to 2 feet down to base. 
One beam of RCC will be made and placed between Load bearing wall down the around  11/2 feet down GF.
Hence load will be transfer on new Beam supporting Load bearing walls. 
 
Is it right remedy?

Thanks
Naimish
 
Tue May 30, 2017Post  #3
S L Gupta (Civil Engg)
S L Gupta (Civil Engg)

Join date: Mar 2008
Dear Sir,
It is better to contact any structural engineer of your city and show him the factual position at home site, he will give you better solution after visiting the site.
 One thing more if you have proper design at the time of construction than why this situation arises.Your contractor give remedy now what happen to him at the time of construction.
 

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