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cost saving in construction of house

Tue Sep 03, 2013Total posts : 4
raviprakash
raviprakash
Join date: Jun 2013
Topic: cost saving in construction of house

Gupta Sir

Can we not save Residential building construction cost by implementing modern techniques and new methods of constructions apart from saving in material example:  instead of going for granite flooring using vitrified tiles and cement block instead of red clay brick etc………


Day by day it is getting difficult to construct a house for common man
Is there any suggestion from your end saving cost in construction of house without comprising on function and quality aspects.

 

Thanks and Regards
Ravi Prakash

Wed Sep 04, 2013Post  #1
S L Gupta (Civil Engg)
S L Gupta (Civil Engg)

Join date: Mar 2008
Dear Ravi Prakash
                The cost of construction is mainly connected with the specification used in construction.There are many technical aspects if we follow than cost can be saved.
1.If we know the bearing capacity of soil, Then make economical design for foundation according to load coming on it.
2. If we have proper structural design of slab than thickness of slab can be minimise and there is saving in the MS steel bars. on the slab span of 10' we can use 10mm as main bars and 8mm as distribution bars thus saving in steel bars. In continuous slab end bars are 10mm and intermediate bars  to be 8mm.
3. By making 4.5'' wall where no load is coming save the cost.
4. If we have good finishing in plaster save the cost of putty filling.
  There are so many aspect if we follow during construction than cost may be saved.
 
Thu Sep 05, 2013Post  #2
raviprakash
raviprakash

Join date: Jun 2013

Gupta Sir

 

Thank you very much for tyour valuable suggestion

 

Thanks and Regards

Ravi Prakash

 
Fri Aug 10, 2018Post  #3
Amit
Amit

Join date: Aug 2018
Check on google about GFRG (glass panel reinforced gypsum) panel construction. This technology is becoming quite popular in Kerala , Karnataka and TN.

GFRG panel is available in size of 3m x 12M 
it has cavity of 5.15 inch.. The whole wall is placed with Crains. Cuts are made for doors and windows and every 3rd cavity has micro beam of TMT steel and filled with M20 concrete. Other cavities are filled with filler material of query dust and 5% cement.
This is same composition as ACC block. Here wall needs no plastering and putty as the gypsum panel is smooth white material.
The construction time reduces to 90 days.
Cost reduction is around 25% mainly in finishing and labour.

Main disadvantages
- Carnes / manpower to handle technology should be available around you.
- Enough empty space around site so that boom crane can lift panels.
- Curved wall sections not possible pr need yo be built with blocks /bricks.

Here cost reduction is around 25% .
These panels are made by RCF Kochi and in Mumbai

In case you are far from these places and trained manpower is not available it may work costlier however of you are in South you can look at this alternative.

Search for GFRG and IIT Madras for more details.
 
Fri Aug 10, 2018Post  #4
Amit
Amit

Join date: Aug 2018
Some more cost saving tips application to traditional construction as well.
These are environment friendly options as well. First engage a structural engineer for design and give labour contract dont go for labour and material. It will give you 10-15% advantage but you will have to invest your time.

1. Use AAC blocks or fly ash bricks instead of red bricks 

2. Go for fresh stock of good local brand cement pay attention to grade (53 /48) type OPC/ PPC / PSC and manufacturing date instead of paying premium for brand.

3. Instead of PPC cement for 10rs less per bag for plastering buy OPC 53 cement bag for 10rs more and mix 20% flyash at site  you will save more money.
PPC is nothing but OPC with 30% flyash.

4. If you have RMC plant nearby go for RMC instead of site mix. You can ask GGBS (granulated blast furnace slag) and flyash M 20 design mix.  You will not have headach if contractor has followed correct ratio of water.

5. Go for M sand or even better slag sand. In small town India still contractors push for river sand which is 4 times costlier.

6. If you have option of factory cut and bent steel go for it. Pre cut and bent steel is delivered in exact quantity as per design avoids wastage and saves time and labour.

7. Go for good quality no big brandname Morbi tiles instead of big brands.  PGVT or double charged unbranded Morbi ( Gujrat) tiles are defiantly better then big brand ceramic /porcelain tile at nearly same rate.

8. If you have more budget for flooring finiah choose Indian granite or marble however never ever go for Italian marble even if you have money to splurge.
It is highly porous stone full of cracks thus full of epoxy and extra shine is of crystallization and diamond polish.

Ask for Crystallization  ( Lithium silicate based crustalizer ) and diamond polish on Indian marble you will get same mirror like shine but more durable and at a fraction of cost.

8. Go for flush doors with sal wood frame or WPVC if you are very tight on budget.

Do not go for teakwood even for main door. Instead of wasting a fine tree get 19mm flush door and teak vaneer and ask carpenter to give teak finish on both sides.

9. Do not unnecessarily splurge om elevation design keep it simple.

 

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