Column and Frame Structure Building

 

The word ‘column’ is related to building construction. The vertical support which is free from all sides taking the load of beam slab etc. and transfers the load to the earth independently is called column.

Column is constructed with the help of steel bars and cement concrete. In case of multi storey and frame structure building constructions, the entire load is born by columns and the floor area/ internal space of building is freely adjusted according to the requirement.

The size, cement concrete ratio and numbers of steel bars with their diameter are available in structural drawings which are designed according to the load born by the column and factor of safety.

Column construction

Process for Construction of Columns

1. Foundation:

The construction process of foundation is as follows:

• Excavating the earth from foundation
• Laying cement concrete in foundation
• Placing steel bar net in footing as per design and also placing vertical bars of column in footing on the steel bar net as per design.
• Laying form work in footing.
• Laying cement concrete 1: 2:4 or 1:1-1/2:3 in footing up to required height as per design.
• Curing work and refilling of earth around footing.

Column construction in foundation

 

2. Super Structure:

After the construction of footing and pedestal the construction of column is started. The process of construction is following.

• Tie up all rings around and into vertical steel bars according to design.
• Fix form work of required size with vertical steel bars.
• Lay cement concrete in form work according to design.
• Take proper curing of RCC column

Column construction work

 

 
53  Comment(s)
12Next  >>
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 8/30/2014 5:15:34 PM
hello sir,
I m doing a diploma of civil engineering and i want to know that how to calculate how many load giving on lanter and how to know about ration of materials.
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 8/27/2014 6:43:45 PM
I'm planning to design a five star hotel building it's G+4 building the ground floor area is 8901 sq.ft similar to that of remaining floor.please suggest me steel rod for column and how much calculate axial load,slab?
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 8/5/2014 6:53:14 PM
Dear Mr.Gupta

I am planning to construct my house G+3 on 5000sqft plot. Please Suggested pillar size and Nos of pillars. Please suggest me steel rod size and nos.for pillars.
Please Also suggest no of steel rods and size(Dia) for Tie beam.
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 8/4/2014 12:45:10 PM
there are two ways of building house one RCC and other steel design we use only steel
trusses can u help me on this?

 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 7/13/2014 2:12:18 AM
9833692619 plz. give me missed call i want to know some suspense about building construction plz plz plz...
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 7/2/2014 3:21:27 PM
area (10m×10m)
only 4 columns provide
what is the cross section of column ?
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 5/25/2014 12:04:50 PM
if shuttering ply is new you can give finshed everything but explain me how you can do the shuttering without proper shuttering material.
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 3/26/2014 1:10:50 PM
process of column structure is easy to understand to a non-technical person
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 3/9/2014 6:13:38 AM
i constructed asmall house i provide column pillar how much design
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 2/25/2014 9:16:40 PM
dear sir,

what should distance between the two rings in column
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 12/17/2013 11:13:22 PM
Its very helpful ,pl tellme how much load a10 ft long 10"*10"wid can bear?
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 10/22/2013 12:36:07 PM
thanks its very help ful
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 8/28/2013 10:17:56 PM
Thanks very much the article is much helpful but more improvement is needed.
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 7/26/2013 11:42:25 AM
The article is very much clear for understanding. one query is how much Inches is the steel bars away from the outside finished column.
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 5/20/2013 11:13:30 PM
Dear sir,
I want to known the rcc structure and what is the correct procedure.
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 3/15/2013 2:58:54 AM
Enter your feedback about this article i like the text but kindly show and calculation building structure from top soil,foundation and up to roof level to me.
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 2/24/2013 5:01:43 PM
Pls l dont know much about concrete mixing can you explain better
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 10/22/2012 9:51:56 AM
my house is 1katha plot keep designe the this plot
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 10/17/2012 11:59:11 AM
i'm stydying diploma i have to prepare the project book for construction of a building can u help me to give detail description on all.....
 
faruk
By faruk -  On  8/28/2012 1:30:35 AM
thanks every body,,,,
 
murthy
By murthy -  On  8/27/2012 6:00:09 PM
thanks to all team members, those who contribute their knowledge and experience for making this article. Really i learn alot from this article an individual person get knowledge their home construction and i would like to learn more about the ratios of material.Ill be thankfull to you al.
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 8/22/2012 1:00:31 AM
this article is very helpful
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 7/15/2012 2:05:39 PM
Good
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 7/15/2012 1:59:56 PM
Good
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 6/25/2012 3:41:38 PM
I wan't to be a member
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 6/14/2012 2:40:59 AM
thanks to all team members, those who contribute their knowledge and experience for making this article. Really i learn alot from this article and i would like to learn more about the ratios of material. If possible mail me on my e-address. Ill be thankfull to you al.
k.h.rl
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 6/13/2012 9:49:08 AM
how can a calculat building load and bridge load.
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 11/9/2011 8:33:26 AM
Please suggest how much quantity of tmt bars should use in column,beam and ceiling.at what thickness.
construction area is 1800.
and ground+1 floor have to construct.
 
ramtejvarma
By ramtejvarma -  On  10/23/2011 4:10:00 PM
nice website
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 10/10/2011 7:10:09 PM
Hi. Greetings.. I want to know if is it possible to put the pillars after the constructioin. I have a 65 yard 2/12 storey construciton with three pillars at front, but none at the back. I have no constructions on either side and want to put 2 columns on both side at the rear end of the plot. Can you please suggest if is it safe to have the columns implanted there for stability. Please advise. Your suggestion will gime and my house a strength. Thanks & Regards,
Grijesh Kr. Tiwari
9811543609
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 6/23/2011 11:51:08 PM
My owners building slab casting after 3 days it was burn in fire accident.Burning time=30 minutes.Please tips me what is a treatment.
biplab dewan.
 
R.SHANMUGAM
By R.SHANMUGAM -  On  3/13/2011 7:28:20 PM
what is the size RCC foundation for erection of 6m ht of 300MM I sections for road gauging purpose
 
rajan
By rajan -  On  1/26/2011 1:17:08 PM
i am looking at building weekend home river facing about 1000sqft groung level and about 5 to 700sqft level 1.
very open and unclutted house, with lot of glass open kitchen etc
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 1/2/2011 8:54:20 PM
hi im aleem azmi, i have squae 70Sq land, i want to knw how many pillar in this land. please guide me to know about it.
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 1/2/2011 8:52:46 PM
hi im aleem azmi, i have squae 70Sq land, i want to knw how many pillar in this land. please guide me to know about it.
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 10/11/2010 12:39:26 PM
Ya i got more information. i need reinforcement in column, where lapping to be done and not to do
 
Rajkumar
By Rajkumar -  On  9/16/2010 2:58:19 PM
how can a calculat building load
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 6/24/2010 9:22:15 AM
CAN WE USE PLASTIC COLUMN FORMS INSTEAD OF METALS.
 
Arivazhagan
By Arivazhagan -  On  6/2/2010 8:16:33 PM
Kindly explain about structural design step by step
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 6/2/2010 6:34:43 PM
yes,it can help me a lot,but one thing i can't see is that how to calculate the it...
 
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