Column and Frame Structure Building

 

The word ‘column’ is related to building construction. The vertical support which is free from all sides taking the load of beam slab etc. and transfers the load to the earth independently is called column.

Column is constructed with the help of steel bars and cement concrete. In case of multi storey and frame structure building constructions, the entire load is born by columns and the floor area/ internal space of building is freely adjusted according to the requirement.

The size, cement concrete ratio and numbers of steel bars with their diameter are available in structural drawings which are designed according to the load born by the column and factor of safety.

Column construction

Process for Construction of Columns

1. Foundation:

The construction process of foundation is as follows:

• Excavating the earth from foundation
• Laying cement concrete in foundation
• Placing steel bar net in footing as per design and also placing vertical bars of column in footing on the steel bar net as per design.
• Laying form work in footing.
• Laying cement concrete 1: 2:4 or 1:1-1/2:3 in footing up to required height as per design.
• Curing work and refilling of earth around footing.

Column construction in foundation

 

2. Super Structure:

After the construction of footing and pedestal the construction of column is started. The process of construction is following.

• Tie up all rings around and into vertical steel bars according to design.
• Fix form work of required size with vertical steel bars.
• Lay cement concrete in form work according to design.
• Take proper curing of RCC column

Column construction work

 

 
66  Comment(s)
12Next  >>
Ganesh
By Ganesh -  On  7/7/2015 7:17:39 PM
Sir,
I need to construct 30 X 25 = 750 Sft plain Rooms of 3 floors (G + 2) What is Stell sizes and How much stell required for me
Beam Sizes
Column Sizes
Slab Sizes
and total weight of the Steel
please help me with information
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 6/3/2015 10:34:39 AM
Enter your feedback about this article
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 6/3/2015 6:21:53 AM
Enter your feedback about this article
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 5/14/2015 3:40:44 PM
Dear sir,
I am planning to construct my house G+1 on 750sqft plot.Please Suggested me? pillar size of 9x 9 inches and 12 Nos of pillars. Please suggest me steel rod size and nos.for pillars.

Please Also suggest no of steel rods and size(Dia) for Tie beam.
Regards
Sujoy
kolkata
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 5/14/2015 3:34:53 PM
I am planning to construct my house G+1 on 750sqft 24FX28F. pillar size of 9x 9 inches and 12 Nos of pillars. Please suggest me steel rod size and nos.for pillars.

Please Also suggest no of steel rods and size(Dia) for Tie beam.
 
Rakesh Singh
By Rakesh Singh -  On  5/7/2015 9:33:01 PM
Mr. Gupta sir kindly suggest me how many type of software are required in house construction for e.g like floor plan .electricity. plumbing. Interior design.
and also send me the name of best costruction3d software and also for electricity fitting software and interior design software.
 
balasubramani
By balasubramani -  On  2/6/2015 6:24:30 PM
how to building column marking....plz me answer...
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 1/28/2015 11:31:41 PM
Plz suggest for 30x40 house construction how many column & size+steel size for 2 floor
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 1/23/2015 12:10:30 PM
Area 75 x 45 want to know pillar const beam const for 5 story building able to handle max load of 8 lacs kgs
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 11/10/2014 3:27:53 PM
I have a house which is only ground floor but it is built on walls and there are no pillars. Can i construct two floors on top of the present house. Plz answer.
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 11/3/2014 4:50:59 PM
foundation or column is better for house constriction.G
+1. 2500 sft.how much cost.
 
R.C.PANDEY
By R.C.PANDEY -  On  10/23/2014 3:39:09 PM
how much cost may be required to build column 14 nos beams roof per sq.ft.
 
RANDHIR KUMAR GUPTA
By RANDHIR KUMAR GUPTA -  On  10/14/2014 11:59:26 AM
what should be the size of coumn for 12'length and 14'breadth size room? please suggest any website for reference. thank you.
 
D.CHANDRAKANT
By D.CHANDRAKANT -  On  9/30/2014 5:42:08 PM
I have a ground + 1 floor house on 160 sq yards area. It is built up on basement. I wish to extend the front portico of 1st floor from present 2 ft long to 5ft more. I wanted to know is it possible ?whether I need to put any new pillars supporting the extra space ?

Second question - Is it possible to construct a one room on top floor. Or I need to take help of structural engineer for this ?
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 8/30/2014 5:15:34 PM
hello sir,
I m doing a diploma of civil engineering and i want to know that how to calculate how many load giving on lanter and how to know about ration of materials.
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 8/27/2014 6:43:45 PM
I'm planning to design a five star hotel building it's G+4 building the ground floor area is 8901 sq.ft similar to that of remaining floor.please suggest me steel rod for column and how much calculate axial load,slab?
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 8/5/2014 6:53:14 PM
Dear Mr.Gupta

I am planning to construct my house G+3 on 5000sqft plot. Please Suggested pillar size and Nos of pillars. Please suggest me steel rod size and nos.for pillars.
Please Also suggest no of steel rods and size(Dia) for Tie beam.
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 8/4/2014 12:45:10 PM
there are two ways of building house one RCC and other steel design we use only steel
trusses can u help me on this?

 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 7/13/2014 2:12:18 AM
9833692619 plz. give me missed call i want to know some suspense about building construction plz plz plz...
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 7/2/2014 3:21:27 PM
area (10m×10m)
only 4 columns provide
what is the cross section of column ?
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 5/25/2014 12:04:50 PM
if shuttering ply is new you can give finshed everything but explain me how you can do the shuttering without proper shuttering material.
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 3/26/2014 1:10:50 PM
process of column structure is easy to understand to a non-technical person
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 3/9/2014 6:13:38 AM
i constructed asmall house i provide column pillar how much design
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 2/25/2014 9:16:40 PM
dear sir,

what should distance between the two rings in column
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 12/17/2013 11:13:22 PM
Its very helpful ,pl tellme how much load a10 ft long 10"*10"wid can bear?
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 10/22/2013 12:36:07 PM
thanks its very help ful
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 8/28/2013 10:17:56 PM
Thanks very much the article is much helpful but more improvement is needed.
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 7/26/2013 11:42:25 AM
The article is very much clear for understanding. one query is how much Inches is the steel bars away from the outside finished column.
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 5/20/2013 11:13:30 PM
Dear sir,
I want to known the rcc structure and what is the correct procedure.
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 3/15/2013 2:58:54 AM
Enter your feedback about this article i like the text but kindly show and calculation building structure from top soil,foundation and up to roof level to me.
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 2/24/2013 5:01:43 PM
Pls l dont know much about concrete mixing can you explain better
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 10/22/2012 9:51:56 AM
my house is 1katha plot keep designe the this plot
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 10/17/2012 11:59:11 AM
i'm stydying diploma i have to prepare the project book for construction of a building can u help me to give detail description on all.....
 
faruk
By faruk -  On  8/28/2012 1:30:35 AM
thanks every body,,,,
 
murthy
By murthy -  On  8/27/2012 6:00:09 PM
thanks to all team members, those who contribute their knowledge and experience for making this article. Really i learn alot from this article an individual person get knowledge their home construction and i would like to learn more about the ratios of material.Ill be thankfull to you al.
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 8/22/2012 1:00:31 AM
this article is very helpful
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 7/15/2012 2:05:39 PM
Good
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 7/15/2012 1:59:56 PM
Good
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 6/25/2012 3:41:38 PM
I wan't to be a member
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 6/13/2012 9:49:08 AM
how can a calculat building load and bridge load.
 
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