Fire Resistant Building Material

 

The building where we spent our life should be strong enough to handle natural disaster like flood, earthquake and fire etc. Fire prevention can be done by using the guidelines given below. 

Characteristics of Fire Fighting/Resistant Materials

  • The material used in building should be of such nature that it does not disintegrate under the effect of heat produced during fire.
  • The material should not expand due to heat also and should ensure stability of structure. 
  • The nature of material used in building should have minimum contraction due to sudden cooling with water after the material is heated at high temperature.
  • The nature of material used in the building should be such that it does not catch fire easily.

Fire Resistant Properties of Building

Stone:

It is a bad conductor of heat. Sand stone with fine grains can moderate fire successfully without having serious cracks. Granite is disintegrated when it receives heat from fire. Lime stone is easily crumbled by ordinary fire. Most of stones are disintegrated into small pieces when heated during fire and cooled afterwards.

Brick:

Bricks are bad conductor of heat. They have no serious effect of heat until the temperature during fire rises above 1200 degrees to 1300 degrees. At the time of construction if good quality mortar is used and brick work constructed by skilled mason, brick masonry offers good resistance to fire.

Cast Iron:

This material is rarely used in building construction. Cast iron breaks into pieces when gets a normal temperature after getting heat during the fire. Care should be taken while using cast iron in the building that it should be covered either by brick work, cement concrete or any other fire resistant material.

Steel:

It is good conductor of heat and it is heated quickly during fire. Steel bars looses its tensile strength, yields stress if it is heated above 600 degree centigrade during fire. Steel bars completely melt at a temperature of 1400 degree centigrade. During fire unprotected steel columns, beams etc. become unsafe due to high temperature and structure may fail. The paint on the surface of the steel items catches fire easily, keeping in the above problem fire resistant paint should be done on steel members.

Concrete:

Concrete is a bad conductor of heat and an effective material for fire resistant construction. It offers higher resistance to fire than any other material. The actual behavior of concrete in case of fire depends on quality of cement and type of aggregate which form concrete. In case of reinforced and pre-stressed structures, it also depends on the position of steel in concrete. 

              
There is no loss of strength in concrete when it is heated up to 250 degrees centigrade. The reduction of strength starts when the temperature of fire increases beyond 250 degrees centigrade. Normally re-enforced concrete structure can resist fire for about one hour at the temperature of 1000 degrees centigrade without any serious damage. Hence cement concrete is widely used in fire resistant construction.

Glass:

It is a poor conductor of heat and expends little during heating. Cracks are formed in glass when it is cooled after heating. Re-enforced glass with steel wire is more resistant to fire than ordinary glass. Re-enforced glass can resist sudden variation in temperature without forming cracks. Wired glass even if it breaks, keeps fractured glass in its original position.

Timber:

Any structure made from timbers rapidly destroys in case of fire. Timber also enhances intensity of fire. As timber is bad conductor of heat if heavy section is used it may attain a high degree of fire resistance. To make timber more fire resistant, the surface of timber is coated with chemicals such as ammonium phosphate and soleplate, borax and boric acid. After doing treatment, the timber becomes more resistant to heat. Sometimes fire resistant paint is also applied on surface of the timber to protect it from heat.  
 
2  Comment(s)
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 3/24/2011 7:40:53 PM
Is there fire resistant material which can be plastered while making house
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 7/28/2010 11:04:44 AM
how many temperature can resist fire resistant concrete
More Articles on GharExpert.com

Fire Extinguisher

Fireproof Home!

Which are chief causes of fire in building?
 
corner corner
Feedback
Was this article helpful? Let us know how can
we improve it. We welcome both negative and
positive comments.
Your name   :Anonymous
corner corner
 
 
Discuss in forums
Do you need more information? Discuss
with other community members in the
Forums area of the site. Enter details below!
Login or register yourself on GharExpert to
click here
corner corner
 
tv & fire place
tv & fire place







construction material trading
construction material trading
Residential Building Exterior Design
Residential Building Exterior Design
Illuminated Building Exterior
Illuminated Building Exterior
3d elevation for the building
3d elevation for the building
Cool bed design with built in shoe rack
Cool bed design with built in shoe rack
Building Exterior Design
Building Exterior Design
Types of Cracks in the Building
Types of Cracks in the Building
Cracks in Building
Cracks in Building
Exterior elevation for commercial building
Exterior elevation for commercial buildi...
Building Exterior Elevation
Building Exterior Elevation
Showroom commercial ceiling building design
Showroom commercial ceiling building des...
Wall Cladding material
Wall Cladding material
Wall Cladding material
Wall Cladding material
Wall Cladding material
Wall Cladding material
Wall Cladding material
Wall Cladding material
Wall Cladding material
Wall Cladding material
Construction Material
Construction Material
Construction Material & Equipment
Construction Material & Equipment
elevation
elevation
Exterior view of building
Exterior view of building
fire place
fire place
Door design facade design for the building with small garden in the front
Door design facade design for the buildi...
Construction Material Brick
Construction Material Brick
Click on the image to enlargeClick on the image to Enlarge
Click here to view more pictures
Related Articles
Fire
Fire Extinguisher
Fire Extinguisher help avoid accidental fire in the kitchens or homes. It extinguishes not only the fire but saves our..
Fireproof
Fireproof Home!
Fire is essential part of our life but still we need to be carefull about it.We all need some fire safety tips in home..
More Articles
Read View all
Hot Articles
Cement
Cement Concrete
In the construction of building work, there is need of various types of building materials which are used during the c..
Read Read more
Kitchen
Kitchen Ideas
Make your kitchen both friendly and well-organized with these creative decorating ideas. Kitchen is a one of the most ..
Read Read more
Kitchen
Kitchen Backsplash
There is an amazing variety of kitchen backsplashes available in the market.. This article discuss the various variety..
Read Read more
Kitchen
Kitchen Decoration
Make your kitchen both friendly and well-organized with these creative decorating ideas. Kitchen is a one of the most ..
Read Read more
Vastu
Vastu Tips for Office
Offices laid out according to Vastu principles are useful in generating financial growth of business. Vastu suggests s..
Read Read more
10
10 things to check before the rain hit your home!
Rain is fun but the fun may not last if your home fails to protect itself and its occupants from the elements. This wr..
Read Read more
Choose
Choose Flooring for your Kitchen
Kitchen flooring should be fit into the kitchen design in such a way that will work according to your personal needs a..
Read Read more
Living
Living Room Furnishing
Living room furnishings add life to your dull living room. In this article, you will find some interesting and practic..
Read Read more
More featured articles
Tags
Aggregate Bathroom Board Brick Building Ceiling Cement Color Concrete Construction Dampness Dining Door Finishing Flooring Furniture Glass Home Interior Interior decoration Kitchen Kota Light Marble Paint Plastic Plumbing Pop Sand Security Steel Study Termite Tile Vastu Window
View all tags>>
Copyright 2007- GharExpert.com All rights reserved.  

 
 |  Advertize with us  |  About us  |  Contact us  |  RSS  |  Blog  |  Terms of service  |  Style made simple  |  Decorating slide show  |  Tips  |  Give your feedback  |