Construction

Layout of Building


 Layout of Building

The real meaning and purpose of setting out (layout) is to transfer the plan, length and width of its foundation on the ground so that the foundation can be excavated for construction of purposed building as per drawing. 

The following preliminary works should be executed before actual planning of layout for the house. 

  •  Clear the site from all grass, bushes, trees, etc.
  •  Record spot levels of the ground.
  • Construct a permanent bench mark in construction area. 

Base Line

For setting out /layout, the most important requirement is to establish a baseline. This is marked on the ground as per site plan requirement with the help of offsets which are taken from the existing road or existing building.  

Centre Line

Centre line divides the plan into two equal parts. This can be marked in the field with the help of baseline. This line is very necessary and useful for layout. This line should be transferred to Burjis and be kept up to the completion of foundation work.

'Burjis' and its' Distance

Burji or marking pillars are masonry pillars constructed with bricks and cement mortar. These are constructed on both ends of walls /columns and center line should be marked on the top surface of the burjis with the help of base line. Burji is also constructed for indicating the plinth level of the building. Burjis are very useful for the layout. Accuracy of the foundation can be checked with the help of Burji at any time during construction. Burjis should be kept intact till completion of foundation work.

 

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