Construction

Ready Made Doors


Various doors enrich aesthetic beauty and provide safety to our homes. Readymade doors are one of them and work like solid barriers in a wall. They are used for access between rooms and are closed for privacy. These doors consist of two parts - frame and shutter. Readymade doors are available in various shapes, designs and materials like wood, iron, PVC or plastic and aluminum in the market. Several manufacturing units in India fabricate door shutters according to ISI specifications. This article tells you about various types of readymade doors in detail. 

 

Wooden Doors

Wooden doors are used in our homes traditionally. They are attractive, durable and provide safety to homes. These doors are easy to make and are preferred for their carved designs. Easy availability of timber, less cost and attractive look make them superior to other doors. Wooden doors are available in following four categories in the market.

a) Flush Doors
b) Paneled Doors
c) Glazed Doors
d) Wire Gauge Doors 

a) Flush Doors

These doors are becoming popular for their nice look, less cost and better strength than paneled doors. Flush doors are easy to make and undergo little expansion or contraction with the changes in weather. These doors are available in thickness of 25 mm, 30mm, and 35mm. The width and height of flush door shutter should be according to drawing. All four edges of a shutter should be square. The shutter is free from twist or wrap and the moisture contents in timbers used for manufacturing of flush door shutters should not exceed 12% when tested according to IS:
1708.            

Flush Doors

Flush Doors

(This Picture is Contributed by "vijendra")


Flush door shutters have solid or semi solid core set in framework of stiles and rails, which is covered on both sides with plywood or combination of cross bands.  The face of flush door should be veneered to give good finish, without joints on surface. It is available in both decorative and non-decorative surfaces. The width of stiles and rails should not be less than 45 mm and not more than 75 mm. The width of each wooden strip should be parallel to the stiles, not exceeding 30 mm.

   

b) Paneled Doors

Paneled doors consist of a frame grooved inside edges to receive one or more panels. Vertical members are called as stile whereas horizontal members are called rail i.e. top rail, middle or lock rail, and bottom rail etc. The door may have two to ten panels according to drawing or architectural requirements. The panels are made of timber, plywood, block board, veneered particle board, fiber board etc. All members of shutters should be straight without any wrap bow and should have smooth well planed face at right angles to each other. Paneled doors should be according to IS: 1003, Part1-1991.  

Paneled Doors

Paneled Doors



Timber for stiles and rails of paneled doors should be of same species from seasoned wood. The timber should be plane, smooth and accurate to the required dimensions. Using mortise and tenon joints, stiles and rails should be jointed. The contact surfaces of joints should be treated with bulk type synthetic resin adhesive confirming to IS: 848 and pinned with 10 mm dia. hard wood dowels or bamboo pins. The thickness of door shutters varies from 25 mm to 40 mm. The various sizes of different parts used in panel shutter are following.
 

  • Lock rail or middle rail -150 mm
  • Bottom rail - 200 mm
  • Muntin - 100 mm
  • Panel - 12 mm
  • Glazing bar - 40 mm

Paneled door shutters are manufactured by machine complying with the sizes mentioned above in wooden door and window factory. For machine made shutters, suitable machines do operations like sawing, planning, making joints, drilling holes and pressing of joints.

c) Glazed Doors

Glazed doors are made from wooden stiles ands rails having glass panels according to the requirement. These doors are provided in shops, departmental stores, hotels and commercial establishments etc. to attract customers. Glazed doors offer a sense of security as a barrier. In official and residential buildings, glazed doors prevent unwanted intrusions and provide architectural beauty between formal and informal areas. Manufacturing process of glazed doors is almost same as manufacturing of paneled doors; the only difference is of glass panels used instead of wooden or ply panels. Nowadays frameless glazed doors with glass made of only tampered glass are used.

Glazed Doors

Glazed Doors

 

d) Wire Gauge Doors

Wire gauge or fly proof door shutters are fixed to provide free air circulation and prevent mosquitoes, flies, insects etc. from entering into the building. Wire gauge or fly proof doors are generally provided in kitchens, canteens, refreshment rooms and cupboards used for food storage etc. The external doorframe has double rebate having panel door shutter open inside whereas outer shutter is of wire gauge and open outside.        
Manufacturing of wire gauge doors is almost same as paneled doors; the only difference is of wire gauge in panels used instead of wood or ply panels. Wire gauge in panel should have single piece and each panel should not exceed 0.5 sq meters.



Wire Gauge Doors

Wire Gauge Doors

Iron or Steel Doors

Rolling shutters are used for main door entry of shops, commercial complex and garage in houses. M.S. angles, T- Iron and square bars iron doors are provided at entry gate of the house. Steel doors are extremely durable and can also be polished. The only drawback of these doors is that they easily corrode and discolor.

To know more about steel doors, click on the link - Steel Door

Iron or Steel Doors

Iron or Steel Doors 

(This Picture is Contributed by "Minks")


 

PVC or plastic doors

PVC or plastic doors are mostly used in toilets and remain unaffected from water and termite effects etc. They are available in wide range of colors and required sizes. PVC doors are anti corrosive, light weight and maintenance free. They are manufactured in plastic factories. Plastic doors are resistant to moisture and chemical but they can not resist harsh environment conditions like wooden or metal doors. These doors are not suitable for entry doors as they are combustible in nature, hence they should be saved from fire.

To know more about PVC doors, click on the link - PVC Door 

PVC Doors

PVC Doors

(This Picture is Contributed by "Ranjit")

 

Aluminum doors

Aluminum doors are provided in shops, departmental stores, hotels and commercial establishments. In official and residential buildings, aluminum doors are used to offer architectural considerations between formal and informal areas. They are durable and prevent unwanted intrusions. Aluminum doors are good choices for houses with modern designs. These doors do not rust, provide weatherproof qualities but they can be water stained easily and look white due to oxidation. 
 

To know more about aluminum doors, click on the link - Aluminum Door

Aluminium Doors

Aluminium Doors

(This Picture is Contributed by "Ahmed")

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High Wind can affect the life of door, if it is not properly shut down.
A board which is made by joining two or three layers is called plywood board.
Roller doors are designed to give thermal and insulation properties much higher than the average garage door.
The entry doors should not only be chosen for security purposes but for designing point of view also.
Lobby is the place where you spend most of your time and hence, it is frequently used. Therefore, it requires a revolving door that also controls the temperature of the room.
Guest room is a place of attraction where relaxing and formal appearance with a touch of style is required.
Termites travel in tale tubes and are supposed to eat away wood that leads to the great loss.Use termite detector to check the presence of termites
To avoid weakening and ageing through the influence of moisture and sunlight, a wooden door should always be covered with
For small bathrooms, a sliding door works well as it takes less space to open or close.
Panel doors can consist of one to six wooden panels; but this may be increased.Hollow core wooden doors are usually for interior use only.
Thermo foil (PVC i.e. polyvinyl chloride) kitchen cabinets are a great choice for your kitchen.
Wood provides insulation that is 400 times more effective than steel and 1800 times more effective than aluminum.
Available in various types i.e. cast iron, wrought iron etc.Tough and durable
The glass doors add richness, light, beauty and charm to any doorway in your home.
Various accessories recommended for wooden doors are
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