Guideline for labor for Ceramic or glazed tiles

One of the fastest growing trends in the flooring is floor tiles. Floor tiles are available in various designs, sizes and materials. There are so many makes/ brands available in the market which makes the choice even more difficult.  Despite of selecting good materials, if good laying process is not adopted, the quality of floor is not up to the mark. In this article we will discuss some of the guidelines for labor one should keep in mind before going ahead with the tile flooring.


There many types of floor tiles as detailed below

Unglazed Tiles

Unglazed tiles are made up of baking clay. Basic color of tiles is orange-red. Now, with the help of upgrade techniques tiles are coming up in more colors but color range is limited from chocolate to ochre. Motted looked tiles are also available in the market.

In unglazed tiles both handmade and machine made with wide range in texture are available.Machine made are harder and durable.

Glazed Tiles

Glazed tiles are smoother and have more shine than of unglazed ones. Wide color range with different motifs are now available in market with which one can go for interesting patterns.Glazed tiles are thin with surface texture range from high gloss to mat and pebbly. Even tiles with rough texture gets prone to slickness when exposed to water, that is why glazed tiles are not preferred to external surfaces.

Mosaic Tiles

Mosaic tiles are right choice for modernizing your house. The mosaic tiles are durable and are available in different designs and shapes. For those who are looking for variety in color, texture and designs, mosaic tile is a good choice for them.

Porcelain Tiles

Porcelain tiles are Ceramic tiles. Porcelain tiles are made of more refined material than ceramic tiles. Porcelain tiles are available in variety of colors, designs and finish. Designer can extend his imagination and create his unique wall and floor design using these tiles. These tiles are scratch resistant, stain resistant and durable.

Labor guideline for laying ceramic tiles

After leveling and compacting the base coat, process of laying floor tiles should be started. A level mark/ thread level is fixed on wall at all end to act as guide. Lay cement coarse sand mortar 1:3 ratio bedding on the base coat. Care should be taken that the mortar should be laid for 2 layers of tiles and 10 to 15 feet in length. The top of mortar is kept rough so that cement slurry can be observed. Neat cement slurry of honey-like consistency shall be spread over the mortar bed such an area as would accommodate about twenty tiles to cover any hollows and to avoid air pockets in the bedding mortar, the quantity of cement shall be 4.4 kg/ square meter.

The tiles shall be washed clean and fixed in this grout one after the other, each tile being gently tapped with a wooden mallet till it is properly bedded and in level with a straight line, so to suit the required pattern. The surface of the flooring during laying should be frequently checked with a straight edge at least 2 meter long, so as to obtain a true surface with a desired slope. After the tiles have been laid for the day, surplus cement grout that may have come out of the joints shall be cleared off.

Finishing the Joints

During 24 hours of floor lying, no one should walk on the tiles. All joints shall be cleaned and all dust and loose mortar removed and cleared. Joints shall be finished with white cement mixed with pigment or without pigment to match the shade of floor tiles. Tile floor shall be kept moist for 7 days.

Precaution while installation/ laying glazed tile or ceramic tile

  •  One must match up the size of the wall or floor with the size of the tile to minimize the wastage i.e. one should try to put those tiles which are best fitted with the surface area to be put on so that odd sized tiles can be avoided.
  • One should start tiles on wall from corner away from the entrance so that the user would get whole full sized tiles and odd sizes remain away from vision of the user.
  • On floor tiles should start from door step so that odd sized tiles would get to the far furthermost wall.
  • On the door step one can use different colored tiles or any other pattern to create interest in entrance of the room.
  • One should see that tiles don’t get cut with a hand-held stone cutting machine or else all the edges would get rough and uneven. One should use traditional tile cutting blade after wetting the tiles for at least three-four hours.
  • One can use broken tiles to create interesting patterns.
  • Purchase tiles with appropriate area calculations to minimize the wastage. Also, sometimes sizes of tiles got varied with in the same company. So one should try to purchase tiles in one slot only.
  • Vitreous tiles have lesser variations than that of ceramic tiles. Also variations are larger in bigger sized tiles.
  • One should use Pointing and filling techniques to hide the joints with the help of 'matching color pigment' which in return reduces the visibility of the gaps.
  • PVC tile spacers can be used to regulate tile gaps.
  • Tiles should move from top downwards so that odd sized tiles would come above skirting.
  • While Installing wall tiles in bathroom, one should try to judge positions of taps, switches earlier so that tiles can be cut finely before get installed because afterwards it cause greater effort to cut the tiles.
  • One should prefer square cuts rather than circular cuts to avoid chances of damage to tiles.
  • Surface of floor or wall should be leveled up to ensure greater strength and to avoid cracks.
One of the fastest growing trends in the flooring, tiles come in a wide variety of styles, patterns and colors. In this article we will discuss some of the guidelines one should keep in mind before going ahead with the tile flooring.
The tiles shall be of approved make and shall generally confirmed to ISI 777 .
12 MM thick plaster of cement coarse sand mortar 1:3 shall be applied on the walls and allowed to hardened .
The bedding of the tiles shall be with cement mortar 1:3 with average thickness of 10 mm .
Glazed tiles floor are bacteria free as no bacteria can grow on it.
Glazed Tiles Flooring is easy to clean and maintain being stain free, acid and alkali resistant.
Kota stone flooring is a subtle blend of grandeur and luxury giving the interior and exterior a gorgeous look.......
To get maximum ventilation and natural light in your house, make sure the building is properly oriented. Orientation of building saves energy and provides comfortable living as well. This article tells you about various factors and benefits of building orientation.
Preview some of the most impressive pictures of kitchen from GharExpert Gallery.
A solid roof on building is very important for everybody living in the house. The roof should be constructed in a way that assures you great safety. Here are given details about different types of roofing.
Frames of doors and windows are most important parts of your doors and windows. They are available in different size, height, width and shapes. Frames hold locks and hinges and support door and windows to shut and open easily. Here is what you need to know about different doors and windows frames.
Different steel bars are recommended for their relative tensile stresses.Steel bars are major components of construction.Here is what you need to know about steel bars (Sariya).
Brahmasthan is a powerful zone of the house. It should have open space for flow of energy in the house. The positive energy is very useful for living beings of the occupants of the house.
Brick work is an important part of construction work done with the help of bricks and cement mortar. It is done with different quality of bricks with different ratios of cement mortar according to the requirement.
Are you remodeling your bathroom? Bathroom shower doors make your bathroom a style icon. Read the following article that will help you select the bathroom shower door that will exactly suit your bathroom.
Living room or Drawing room should be located in east or north direction. The ideal location of a living room depends on plot facing.
Without knowing perfect mixture of cement and sand you can not achieve your goal.
Manufacturing date, grade and type play vital role in purchasing right cement and there should be no lumps in it.
First Class Bricks must be homogeneous in texture without showing appreciable sign of efflorescence.
How to be a Leader: Start with 3 simple steps

Copyright 2007- All rights reserved.