Marble stone is one of the most beautiful and highly demanded stone. It gives a very soft look and provides elegance to the modern era. Marble stone is used in architecture and sculpture. Taj Mahal is one of the finest monuments among the Seven Wonders of the World, which is made by using the marble stone.
Marble stone is a very good building material. Marble stone can be used in your home for furniture, counterparts, flooring, foyers, bars, tables, showers, windows and fireplaces. It is a very natural stone, easy to clean and gives you a spectacular look.
Some of the distinguished features of marble stone are as following:-
Physical Properties: - Physically hardness of marble stones lies between 3to 4 moh’s scale, density lies between 2.5 to 2.65 Kgandm3,compressive strength lies between 1800 to 2100 kg/cm2,porosity is quite low and marble stone is resistant to weather impact.
The degree of resistance of marble to chemical agents in the atmosphere, to heating and cooling and to the alternate cycles of freezing is a measure of its weathering ability. The durability of marble has less effect of freezing. Rainwater absorbed chemicals like acid that were produced by industrial waste have less than 1% effect on the marble as against 4 to 12% in other masonry materials. This is the reason why marble are so durable even in severe climatic or weathering conditions.
Marble can be finished or polished in three ways:-
This type of finish preferred bear some small relationship to final cost since the smoother, more highly reflective surfaces require more polishing, consequently more time. The most efficient finish for exterior use is the sand or grainy finish.
Categories’ of marble:-
The marble blocks, slabs and tiles can be classified broadly in the following two categories:-
A. pure white marble
B. Different colored marble such as black, green, pink, brown, yellow and grey and so on.
There are over 3000 varieties in marble stone available in the world market. Marble deposits are widely spread in India mainly in the states of Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh. Rajasthan is the main depository of marble in India accounts for over 90% of total marble production of the country, with reserves spread over the districts of Nagpur, Udaipur, Rajsamand, Banswara, Dungarpur, Jaipur, Sirohi, Bhilwara, Ajmer, Bundi, Alwar, and Pali. Some popular varieties are given below:-