Oak flooring is a very beautiful and an excellent choice to enhance the warmth of your house. This flooring is hygienic, non allergic, hard wearing, and easy to clean. It gives nice feel even under bare feet and offers fragrance just after the floor is polished and cleaned. Actually oak flooring is a type of wooden flooring which consists of layers of fiberboard or plywood. It includes natural oak flooring, white oak flooring, and natural dark oak flooring. Oak flooring is wear resistant and long-lasting if looked after properly. This flooring may be susceptible to dents and scratches. Hence it is not the best option for high traffic areas such as hallways without a rug.
Step 1: Compact the earth properly: Compact the earth properly by watering and ramming. Do sand piling to make sure proper compaction of the earth under floor.
Step 2: Ensure the base coat is fully compacted: Lay 100 mm thick fine sand on compacted earth. After laying fine sand, lay 100 mm thick cement concrete in ratio of 1:8:16 and ensure that the base coat laid is fully compacted by hand rammers or with surface vibrator.
Store the floor material at room temperature at least 24 hours before starting installation. If sub floor is of concrete, hard panels should be fixed with nail or glue. Also place insulation layer over entire surface of sub floor to insulate it against moisture, heat and noise.
Step 1: Clean and level the surface: Keep the surface clean, dry and in proper level before laying oak flooring.
Step 2: Start laying oak flooring using wedges: Begin laying engineered oak flooring boards along longest straight wall in the room and use wedges to maintain 10 mm gap between boards and skirting board or wall.
Step 4: Ensure proper joints in rows of boards: Make sure that the joints or offsets do not coincide in the rows instead they are staggered. To obtain staggered joints, use full length of board in first row, start with 2/3 length of board in 2nd row and begin with 1/3rd length of board in the 3rd row. Repeat this pattern throughout the room.
Step 5: Do finishing and fit boards properly: Cut the ends of boards at walls allowing a gap of 10 mm. To fit boards around corners or odd shapes, draw a cardboard template and trace outline of the template on board and use jigsaw to cut out the shape. To fit engineered oak flooring under a doorframe, use handsaw to cut thin slice from the bottom of doorframe allowing boards to slide under it.
Step 6: Cover gaps with matching molding: Once you have fitted all boards, cover the gaps at walls with matching molding. Make certain that you fix molding with skirting board or wall; not with flooring so that floor can be easily dismantled.
Note down: After completing installation process, the surface should be cleaned and polished.