Types of Cement

 

Types of Cement 
For engineering purposes, there are many types of cement but in general, ‘Ordinary Portland Cement’ (OPC) which is available in three grades should be used for house construction
 
33 Grade Ordinary Portland Cement
This ordinary 'Portland' cement is used maximum in the country. It is more suitable cement for masonry and general concrete works where the members are not taken to very high stresses. It is not suitable where ‘Sulphate’ is in the soil or in the ground water.
 


43 Grade Ordinary Portland Cement
43 grades of cement are used where high early strength in 1 to 28 days range is required. These days the ‘Structural Engineers’ propose these cements mainly for RCC works where a member takes high tensile stress.
 
53 Grade Ordinary Portland Cement


53 grades of cement are used where high early strength in 1 to 28 days range is required. These days ‘Structural Engineers’ propose these cements mainly for RCC works, where a member takes high tensile stress.
 
Caution in the use of 53 grade cement in construction:

The strength of 53 grade cement does not increase much after 28th day because of early gain while 33 grade cement continues to gain strength after 28th day.
 
In addition, due to faster hydration process, the concrete releases heat of hydration at much faster rate initially and release of heat is the highest in case of 53 grades. The heat of hydration being higher, the chances of micro-cracking of concrete is much greater. Thus during initial setting period of concrete, the higher heat of hydration can lead to the damage of micro-cracking within the concrete which may not be visible at surface.
 
This cracking is different from shrinkage or cracks which occur due to faster dryness of concrete in windy conditions. The situation can be worse when we tend to increase the quantity of the cement in concrete with a belief that such increments are better for both strength and durability of concrete.
 
Thus it is very essential to be very careful in advance that higher grade cement specially GRADE 53 SHOULD be used only where such use is warranted for making the concrete of higher strength and also where good quality assurance measures are in place by which proper precautions are taken to relieve the higher heat of hydration through chilling of aggregates or by proper curing of concrete

Various Colors of Cement
1. Grey = Color of OPC cement
2. Blackish = Color of PPC Cement
3. White = Other color of Cement

Various Brands of Cement
1. ACC
2. J.K.( Shakti Laxmi)
3. Birla ( Chetak Mehar ,Uttam, Khauraho, Manglam)
4. Shree
5. Prism
6. Dig Vijay
7. Ambuja
8. CCI
9. Vikram
10. Jay Pee Rewa
11. Binani
12. Shri Ultra
13. L. & T.
Various Brands of White Cement
1. J.K. 
                                                                2. Birla  

 
23  Comment(s)
Lucky
By Lucky -  On  10/17/2013 11:17:26 PM
comments about mycem cement
 
Lucky
By Lucky -  On  10/17/2013 11:17:14 PM
comments about mycem cement
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 9/25/2013 7:24:36 PM
Very useful Information to clear confusions
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 8/19/2013 6:18:49 PM
this is very useful information for civil engineers
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 3/27/2013 9:21:52 PM
I want to make flooring of my house with white cement.which is the economical either ceramic tiles or white cement is preferable.
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 11/22/2012 4:49:09 PM
usefull artical


 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 7/25/2012 2:26:10 PM
is a great and intresting review and also very good research.
 
khajansingh
By khajansingh -  On  4/27/2012 3:33:07 PM
helpfull
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 2/8/2012 11:49:46 PM
this article is very usefull
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 12/10/2011 9:56:33 AM
Article is good and helpful.
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 11/28/2011 3:33:48 PM
why we are not included Dalmia Cement Bharat Limited in the list
 
cnvinc
By cnvinc -  On  10/31/2011 10:06:58 PM
Anybody who is the big importer or distributor?We can supply the best prices and good quality cements,don't hesitate to contact.
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 2/9/2011 8:24:45 PM
it was good it help me do my assignment quick and easy.
 
sumit
By sumit -  On  1/6/2011 8:00:44 AM
can we use psc slag cement for home con. Will it gives better strength as compaired to opc and ppc
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 12/18/2010 12:00:06 AM
As a civil engineer this artical is useful for me in cement line
 
Ajith
By Ajith -  On  11/3/2010 11:49:52 PM
It is useful, but it would be more useful if you could say something about other type of cement like SRC, OFA,GGBFS, etc
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 10/25/2010 11:55:23 AM
Type of cement grade,colour,strength
 
Daniel Raj
By Daniel Raj -  On  7/20/2010 7:55:42 PM
Under types of cement, please mention about the PPC and SRC cement, and also clearly mention its usage in various kinds of work.
 
Anonymous
By Anonymous - On 5/5/2010 10:10:51 PM
This artical is very useful to all civil &other person
 
Dondu
By Dondu -  On  4/27/2010 8:38:50 PM
Very good information
 
Nidhi
By Nidhi -  On  9/2/2009 1:14:08 PM

Please click on the link below to know about the termites attack causes and termite control treatment.

Termite control treatment
 
shivakumar
By shivakumar -  On  9/2/2009 7:39:03 AM
I came to know to control Termites,we have to use some chemicals,what are they&when&how?
 
shivakumar
By shivakumar -  On  9/2/2009 7:36:19 AM
very good information.
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