Construction

Various Types of Bricks

Various Types of Bricks

There are various types of bricks used in masonry.
1. Common Burnt Clay Bricks
2. Sand Lime Bricks (Calcium Silicate Bricks)
3. Concrete Bricks
4. Fly ash Clay Bricks
5. Fire Clay Bricks

Common Burnt Clay Bricks

Clay bricks are fired bricks. These are formed by pressing in moulds or by an extrusion and wire cutting process. Then these bricks are dried and fired in a kiln.

Sand Lime Bricks (Calcium Silicate Bricks)

These bricks are mixtures of sand and hydrated lime pressed in moulds and cured in a high-pressure steam autoclave.

Concrete Bricks

Concrete bricks are mixtures of cement, sand and aggregates vibrated in moulds and steam cured.

Fly ash Clay Bricks

Fly ash is used along with clay in these bricks. Fly ash is obtained from boilers of thermal power stations. 

Fire Clay Bricks

Fire clay exists at much depth below the surface and is usually mined. Generally, Fire clays contain metallic oxides less than surface clays and have more uniform chemical and physical properties.  

Recommended Bricks for Construction

Common burnt clay bricks are recommended for construction of a house. The bricks should be burnt in kiln thoroughly so that they become hard and durable. The two bricks should give a hard ringing sound when they are struck together. The bricks should have rectangular shapes with sharp corners and uniform colors. The bricks should be free from cracks, chips and warp ages, large particles of lime and organic matter. First class bricks are suitable for construction of a building.

 

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Flat Brick Tiles should confirm specifications as per IS-1077-1992 and must be homogeneous in texture.
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Cracks can happen due to foundation movements and settlements of building, thermal movements, chemical reactions, elastic deformations and shrinkage etc. in buildings. They can damage plaster of walls, ceilings and destroy the beauty of the structure also. Let’s know their reasons in detail and get preventive measures.
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