Construction

Which are various types of marble for flooring ?

Marble stone is one of the highly demanded stone. It gives a very soft look and provides elegance to the modern era. Marble stone is used in architecture and sculpture. The best example of architectural heritage is Taj Mahal, which is one of the seven wonder of the World. Marble stone is a very good building material. Marble stone is widely preferred for home furniture, counterparts, marble countertops flooring, foyers, bars, tables, showers, windows and fireplaces. It is a very natural stone, easy to clean and gives you a spectacular look.

 

 

 

Some of the distinguished features of marble stone are as following:-

Physical Properties of Marble Stone

Marble stone shall be hard, sound, dense, and harmonized in texture with crystal in texture as far as possible. It is generally uniform in color and free from stains, cracks, decay and weathering. According to Indian standard, it should not absorb moisture more than 0.4% by weight and its stiffness should not be less than 3 where as specific gravity should not be less than 2.5.

The marble stone blocks are used in building monuments. Marble blocks are converted into marble slabs or tiles. These slabs or tiles are used for flooring, stairs, facing, dado, skirting and table tops etc.

 

Durability of Narble Stone

The degree of resistance of marble stone to chemical agents in the atmosphere, to heating and cooling and to the alternate cycles of freezing and thawing is a measure of its weathering ability.

The durability of marble has less effect of freezing. Rainwater absorbed chemicals like acid that were produced by industrial waste have less than 1% effect on the marble as against 4 to 12% in other masonry materials. This is the reason why marble are so durable even in severe climatic or weathering conditions.

Finishes of Marble Stone

Marble can be finished or polished in three ways:-

  • Polished finish marble: - A mirror like glossy surface that brings out the full color and character of the marble, but it is not recommended for exterior work.
  • Hone finish marble : - A velvety smooth surface with little or no gloss.
  • Sand or abrasive finish marble: - A flat non-reflective surface usually recommended for exterior use. This type of finish preferred bear some small relationship to final cost since the smoother, more highly reflective surfaces require more polishing, consequently more time. The most efficient finish for exterior use is the sand or grainy finish.

Categories’ of marble Stone

The marble blocks, slabs and tiles can be classified broadly in the following two categories

A. Pure white marble

B. Different colored marble such as black, green, pink, brown, yellow and grey and so on.


 

Different Varieties in Marble stone

There are over 3000 varieties in marble stone available in the world market. Marble deposits are widely spread in India mainly in the states of Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh. Rajasthan is the main depository of marble in India accounts for over 90% of total marble production of the country, with reserves spread over the districts of Nagpur, Udaipur, Rajsamand, Banswara, Dungarpur, Jaipur, Sirohi, Bhilwara, Ajmer, Bundi, Alwar, and Pali. Some popular varieties are given below:-

  • Makarana Marble has sub-varieties are Kumhari, Doongri, Alberta, Chosira, Pahar Kuwan, Bhot, adanga marble, Makarana chalk, Abu white and Makarana White.


  • Rajnagar Marble is the largest marble-producing area, having units located in the nearby town of Kishangarh to process the material produced. Agaria, Dolomitic, quartz is the best variety of this area.


  • Andhi Marble is located near the capital city of the state of Jaipur; the varieties are pista (pistachio) marble. One of the famous varieties of this area is known as Indo-Italian, owing to its resemblance with statuario Marble. The Supreme Court of India now bans most of the mining of this famous field. The other varieties are Peta Pasu, Udaipur green and Umber (Bundi) Jaisalmer etc.
  • In Gujarat, Amba Ji Marble and Baroda green marble range are widely used.
  • In Madhya Pradesh, Katni Marble Range and Jabalpur range are famous for marble stone
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