Construction

Water Storage Solution

Proper storage of water is essential for various uses like bathing, cleaning, drinking, cooking etc. Water tanks are used to ensure safe and clean water for various purposes. So it becomes necessary to construct the tank in a way that maintains the purity and hygiene of water. In any building the provision for storage of is required to meet following requirements. 

  1.  To maintain regular supply at the time of repairs of main water line etc.
  2.  To reduce maximum rate of demand on main water line. 
  3.  To maintain regular supply at the time when supply is disturbed. 
  4.  To store water for requirement of fire fighting.   

Water tanks are constructed for storage of water. These are over head and under ground water storage tanks.

Construction of Brick Masonry Water Storage Overhead Tank

  • Overhead tank should be constructed nearest to fittings through which the water is supplied so that long horizontal length of GI pipes could be avoided. 
  • The tank should be constructed 30 to 45 cm from the terrace to provide easy cleaning under storage tank. 
  • All fittings such as supply pipes, distribution pipes, over flow pipes, and air vent pipes should be fixed during construction of wall for water tank.
    • Overhead Water Tank

      (This picture is contributed by "Sumit Arora")

      • No hole should be drilled after completion of construction. If it’s done, leakage problems may occur. 
      • Use vibrated cement concrete in 1:1.5:3 ratios for top and bottom slab.
      • The slab and sides of water tank should be plastered and rendered with cement slurry to avoid leakage.
      • Proper over flow pipe should be fixed and be connected to the rainwater pipe.
      • Ball valve /Ball Cock should be fixed in the tank to avoid the problem of overflow. 

      Ball Cock in Water Tank

      • Curing of RCC, brick work and plaster should be done for minimum period of 7 to 10 days.


      Construction RCC water Storage Tank

      This tank should be circular or rectangular in shape. Side walls of the tank are made from RCC 1:1.5:3 and the rest instructions are same as mentioned above for brick masonry overhead tank.

      RCC Water Tank

      (This picture is contributed by "Sumit Arora")

      Plastic Storage Tank     

      Now a day plastic tanks are extensively used instead of RCC or masonry tanks. These tanks are leak proof, rust proof, light in weight, maintenance free, durable and economical. They are manufactured from light grade polythene. These tanks are also used in multi storey buildings as loft tanks for kitchen, bathroom and for drinking water in offices.



      Under Ground water Storage Tank

      • Under ground storage tank should be 30 cm above highest flood level or ground level whichever is higher.
      • The top of tank should be at such level that prevents entry of outside water from ground or floor.
      • The water should not be allowed to stand around the tank.
      • The tank should be constructed in such way that provides easy cleaning of the tank when required.
      • For cleaning purposes the floor of the tank should be laid with slope at one corner where the water can be pumped out for cleaning the tank.
      • The tank should be perfectly water tight.

      Under Ground Water Tank

      (This picture is contributed by "Sumit Arora")

      • The inner surface of the tank should be rendered smooth.
      • All fittings such as supply pipes, distribution pipes, over flow pipes, and air vent pipes should be fixed during construction of wall for water tank.
      • No hole should be drilled after completion of construction. If it’s done, leakage problems may occur.

       

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