Construction

Guidelines for Doors and Windows Opening in Walls

Making doors and windows opening either in new construction or in old one is really a skilled job. Below are some useful tips to let you know about opening while constructing one. 

Making Doors and Windows Opening in Walls

  • Make all doors and windows openings in walls simultaneously as far as possible when brick work is in progress.
  • Keep opening in external walls not more than 45% of the area of wall whereas opening in internal walls should not be more than 30 % of the area of wall.  
  •  
  • Do not let the brick work between two openings become a column by definition.
  • If the space between two openings remain less than 18 “ then RCC column should be provided in the space for the safety of the building. 
  • Provide all openings in masonry with RCC lintel.
  • Avoid dismantling of brick work for making openings.


Guidelines for Cutting Chases in Brick Wall

  • Avoid horizontal chases as far as possible. In case horizontal chases are not avoidable, in that case more than three chases should not be permitted in any stretch of wall.
  • Provide vertical chases for laying electrical and water supply pipe.

  • Do not allow the depth of vertical chases and horizontal chases to exceed 1/3 and 1/6 of the thickness of walls.
  • Do not cut any vertical chases within 1.5 depths from the edge of the wall.
  • Avoid chases under the bearing of the beams.
  • Do not permit any chase in half brick wall.
  • Do not keep vertical chases closer than two meters in any stretch of a wall.
  • Fill chases with cement mortar after fixing pipes. The chases should be filled with cement concrete or cement mortar 1:4.
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