Construction

Parts of an arch

The different types of parts in an arch are:

  • Voussoir : The wedge shaped blocks that make up the arch and  prevent each other from slipping.
  • Crown:  Voussoirs at the top of the arch.
  • Keystone : The topmost voussior of the arch that balance the network of all voussiors.
  • Pier :A support/ pillar on which the arch rests springer : The top stone/ voussoir that placed first on the pier to start the arch.
  • Intrados :Interior/Inner  surface of the arch.
  • Extrados :Exterior/Outer  surface of the arch.
  • Impost :A stone which is slightly projected that surmounts the pier and the voussoirs.
  • Haunch: Side of the arch, extends from crown towards impost.
  • Spandrel :Wall surface bordered by the curve of the arch, the start of another wall and the horizontal part above it.

 

different types of arch


What is Arch

Parts of Arch

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