Construction

Guideline for Laying, Watering and Compacting of Earth Filling

In Earth filling the earth should be free from all roots, grass, shrubs, rank vegetation, brush wood, trees, saplings, rubbish, salt and foreign material/ matter. Earth should be free from stone pieces, kankar etc because these objects hinder proper compaction of soil manually or mechanically. The earth should also be free from salt or kallar and alkaline materials.

Earth brought from cutting should be directly used in filling. Earth should be free from clouds if exist should be broken during lying of earth. At the time of laying/ filling the earth should be laid in regular horizontal layers each not exceeding 20 cm in depth. All lumps or clouds exceeding 8 cm in any direction should be broken. Each layer should be watered and compacted manually with steel rammer or mechanically with ½ tone roller. Where specified every third and top layer should be consolidated with power roller of minimum 8 tones. The top and sides of filling should be neatly dressed.  

Plinth Filling or filling under floor:

In case of filling under floor or plinth filling or filling around masonry needs special attention because in these cases one cannot compact/ consolidate the soil with the help of mechanical means i.e. with power roller. Filling under floor or plinth filling or filling around masonry should be similarly done with earth in layers not exceeding 15 cm, watered and consolidated by ramming with iron rammers and with butt ends of crowbars, before the succeeding one is laid. Only sandy soil, free from salts, organic or foreign matter and white aunts shall be used for such filling. Where there is black cotton soil, it shall be removed to a depth of 60 cm as it is liable to absorb moisture and expand thus damaging the floor. The top 30 cm immediately below the floor shall be sand or cinder.

To prevent future sink age and damage to the floor it is necessary, when convenient to do so, that the plinth area is flooded with water for about 24 hours to enable earth filling to consolidate thoroughly. In this case, earth filling should be allowed to dry and then rammed and consolidated, before the flooring is laid.

;
Each layer of earth should be rammed and consolidated while filling it around ‘Brick Masonry’.
Kota stone flooring is a subtle blend of grandeur and luxury giving the interior and exterior a gorgeous look.......
To get maximum ventilation and natural light in your house, make sure the building is properly oriented. Orientation of building saves energy and provides comfortable living as well. This article tells you about various factors and benefits of building orientation.
Preview some of the most impressive pictures of kitchen from GharExpert Gallery.
A solid roof on building is very important for everybody living in the house. The roof should be constructed in a way that assures you great safety. Here are given details about different types of roofing.
Frames of doors and windows are most important parts of your doors and windows. They are available in different size, height, width and shapes. Frames hold locks and hinges and support door and windows to shut and open easily. Here is what you need to know about different doors and windows frames.
Different steel bars are recommended for their relative tensile stresses.Steel bars are major components of construction.Here is what you need to know about steel bars (Sariya).
Brahmasthan is a powerful zone of the house. It should have open space for flow of energy in the house. The positive energy is very useful for living beings of the occupants of the house.
Brick work is an important part of construction work done with the help of bricks and cement mortar. It is done with different quality of bricks with different ratios of cement mortar according to the requirement.
Are you remodeling your bathroom? Bathroom shower doors make your bathroom a style icon. Read the following article that will help you select the bathroom shower door that will exactly suit your bathroom.
Living room or Drawing room should be located in east or north direction. The ideal location of a living room depends on plot facing.
Without knowing perfect mixture of cement and sand you can not achieve your goal.
Manufacturing date, grade and type play vital role in purchasing right cement and there should be no lumps in it.
First Class Bricks must be homogeneous in texture without showing appreciable sign of efflorescence.
A coupler connects the two pipes to each other. If the material and size of the pipe are not the same,it is called a 'reducing coupler'.
Fine sand should consist of natural sand or crushed stone sand. It should be hard, durable, clean and be free from organic matter etc. and should not contain any appreciable amount of clay balls and harmful impurities such as alkalis, salts, coal, decayed vegetation etc.
Bricks provides several choices for quality. Select a type according to your need.
The beading is of plain variety with square edges.
Window Grills are required for the safety of homes. Window glasses should be well covered with grills. Here are various designs of grills which provide safety to window glasses.
Cracks can happen due to foundation movements and settlements of building, thermal movements, chemical reactions, elastic deformations and shrinkage etc. in buildings. They can damage plaster of walls, ceilings and destroy the beauty of the structure also. Let’s know their reasons in detail and get preventive measures.
How to be a Leader: Start with 3 simple steps


Copyright 2007- GharExpert.com All rights reserved.