There are fourteen types of valves for water pipes:
- Stop valve
- Fancy stop valve
- Angle stop valve
- Concealed stop valve
- Gate valve
- Ball valve
- Foot valve
- Air relief valve
- Pressure relief valve
- Scour valve or washout valve
- Sluice valve or Globe valve
- Butterfly valve
- Float valve or Ball cock
- Bip cock / tap
This valve is suitable means of connections for inserting and controlling the flow of the water.
Nominal size of stop valve is designated by the nominal bore of the pipe to which valve is normally fitted.
Its body and the bonnet are made of cast brass.
In large buildings, sufficient numbers of stop valves are fixed on the branch pipes to minimize the interruption of the supply during repairs
A stop valve is also called stopcock
Stop valves are of two types
- Internally threaded
- Externally threaded.
These valves are available in normal sizes of 15 mm and 20 mm.
It is also called open stopcock.
It is a valve with inlet and outlet at right angles to each other.
It is used to stop the supply of water to geyser, flushing cistern and the wash basin etc.
These valves are used for servicing of water fitting to be carried out without having to shut off complete water supply of the house.
It is used to regulate the supply of hot and cold water to shower, mixer etc. in concealed plumbing line.
Gate valve is a full way valve which is inserted in a pipeline for controlling or stopping the flow of water.
It offers lesser resistance to the flow of water.
Hand wheel closes the valve by turning it in clockwise direction.
Its nominal sizes are 15 mm to 100 mm.
Ball valve or float is an automatic flow control device.
In this valve the regulating principle is the level of some free water surface.
Ball valves are used in the underground storage tank, flushing cistern etc. to regulate the flow of water automatically
The ball valves are of nominal sizes 15 mm, 20 mm, 25 mm, 32 mm, 40 mm and 50 mm.
It is a valve placed at the bottom of the suction pipe of the pump.
It allows the water to enter the suction pipe when it is opened.
It prevents water from flowing back when it is closed.
The air-relief valve is an integral part of a pool from pumping and filtration system.
As the pools pump sucks out water from the pool, the water is forced through a filter.
This water is then forced through the air-relief valve.
It is used to protect pipe from sudden increase in the pressure due to water hammer (beat) because of closing the valves.
It is a device attached to a boiler or other vessel for relieving the pressure of steam automatically before it becomes great enough to cause bursting.
These valves are used at the valley point to clean the pipe line.
These valves are used to control the flow.
Globe valves are used for the control and frequent operation.
The valve contains a circular disc which rotates to the direction of flow in the pipe.
A butterfly valve is a type of flow control device used to regulate the fluid flowing through a section of pipe.
The valve is similar in operation to a Ball Valve.
A flat circular plate is positioned in the center of the pipe.
These valves are used in water tanks and in the cisterns to maintain constant water level and prevent overflow.
It is activated by means of a lever and float (ball)..
The rise and fall of the ball controls the flow of the water.
They are generally made for high pressure, medium pressure and for low pressure.
There are two systems of water supply which are given below.
The supply is given to the various floors directly from the street which has enough pressure to feed them directly.
Valve is suitable means of connections for inserting and controlling the flow of the water.Nominal size of stop valve is designated by the nominal bore of the pipe to which valve is normally fitted.
The pipes are available in several types and sizes. The pipes may be classified into three groups according to material used for their manufacturing.
Cast iron (CI) pipes are manufactured by vertical casting in sand moulds.
There are four types of pipes as per working which are given below:
A tee is used to either combine or split a fluid flow. Most common are tees with the same inlet and outlet sizes, but 'reducing' tees are available as well.
Plier is a hand tool primarily used for gripping and cutting. It is a common tool to many handy trades and occupations.
.Spanner set is a tool usually operated by hand to tighten bolts and nuts. A wrench basically consists of a lever with a notch at one or both ends for gripping the bolt or nut.
To minimize the danger of blistering, risk of steam formation etc. Storage temperature of 60 degree C is recommended. This may be increased up to 65 degree C when soft water is used and the storage capacity is limited.
Both the 'Upward Distribution System' and 'Down Take Supply System' of water supply are suitable for home
G.I. pipes are made from hot rolled coils of specified thickness.They are available in light, medium and heavy grades depending on the sheet used.
The following are the parameters for safe drinking water
These are various brands of pipes for water supply:
Metallic pipes are extensively used for water supply.
Plastic pipes are light in weight, tough, resistant to chemical attack and available in large lengths. They reduce the cost of handling, transportation and installation.
Cement pipes made of metallic pipes are corrosion resistant.
Asbestos cement pipes have smooth internal face
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