Construction

Water Supply and Various Types of Pipes

Water supply is the process of general requirement for supply of water from public water supply system to individual building and subsequent distribution of water to various parts of the building. The water from public water supply system to individual buildings is supplied through pipes. A large proportion of capital is invested on pipes while designing water supply distribution system. The following factors should be considered in selection of pipes. 

  •  Strength of pipe
  •  Water carrying capacity
  •  Life and durability of pipe
  •  Expenditure on transportation
  •  Jointing process, maintenance and repairs.

Various Types of Pipes

The pipes are available in several types and sizes. They may be classified into three groups according to the material used in their manufacturing.  

  •  Metallic pipes: the pipes such as CI Pipes, Steel pipes and GI Pipes.
  •  Cement Pipes: the pipes such as Cement Pipes, Asbestos cement (AC) pipes, cement concrete pipes.
  •  Plastic Pipes: the pipes such as Un-plasticized PVC (UPVC ) pipes, Polythene Pipes (low denisity)
    1. Cast Iron (CI) Pipes

      These pipes are mostly used in water supply. They are well suited for pressure and can withstand external load because of their thickness. The pipes are easy in manufacturing, layout and joining. These pipes are manufactured by vertical casting in sand moulds, horizontal casting in sand moulds and centrifugal casting (spun casting pipes).

      Cast iron plumbing pipes

      (This picture is contributed by "Kumar")

      CI Pipes - Strong and heavy.

      CI pipes are heavy in weight. Therefore transportation is costlier and they are not suitable for inaccessible places. Due to heavy weight these are generally made in short length. This increases layout and jointing cost. CI vertical casting pipes are not of very good quality and can be replaced by centrifugal casting (spun casting) pipes. 


      Steel Pipes

      These pipes are extensively used for water supply. They are best suitable for long distance pipe lines of high pressure and provide satisfactory performance during service. These pipes have excellent mechanical properties and are ideally suited for welding. The pipes are made in length more than twice the length of CI pipes; which saves in transport, layout of pipe and joining cost. There is minimum damage to the pipes in transportation. The pipes being light in weight are used for large diameter pipe lines.

      Cement Pipes

      Main advantage of cement pipes in place of metallic pipes is their corrosion resistance. These pipes are bulky, heavy and require careful transportation and handling. The layout process of these pipes is costlier than steel pipes.
       

      Asbestos Cement (AC) Pipes

      These pipes are light in weight and easy in transportation and layout. They have smooth internal surface and are not affected by corrosion (rust). The pipes are extensively used for water supply systems. Holes can be drilled in these pipes. These pipes are not costlier.
       

      Un-plasticized PVC (UPVC) Pipes

      These pipes are rigid PVC pipes. They are light in weight, tough, resistant to chemical attack and large in length. Due to large in length the cost of handling is much whereas transportation and installation cost is less. Smooth internal surface of pipes provide less friction which results in saving of energy. These pipes are not suitable for the area which is very hot.

      PVC plumbing pipes

      (This Picture is contributed by "Ahmed")

      PVC Pipes - Light weight still powerfull.

       

      ;
      To find a skilled plumber you have to do enough searches for it. Contact friends and relatives for a skilled plumber also go and see his work. Before hiring a plumber do some researches about the rates of different jobs and hourly rates.
      Cast iron pipe is generally used in sewer lines. The points should be kept in view while purchasing CI pipes.
      Sanitary appliances are fittings used for collection and discharge of soil or waste matter. These appliances may be grouped under soil appliances and waste water appliances. Soil appliances are used for collection and discharge of excreta matter including water closet, urinal etc.
      Do we know that there are several guidelines for labor to be followed while installing stoneware pipes? In the article let us discuss about such guidelines for a safe construction.
      Thickness of PVC Pipes and various diameters for drainage are .........
      Requirements of drainage and sanitation for dwelling area covered with individual- One bathroom provided with a tap............
      The diameter of soil and waste pipes should be based on fixing units...........
      Brands of pipes for drainage of soil water-C.I. Pipes-CIC..........
      Kota stone flooring is a subtle blend of grandeur and luxury giving the interior and exterior a gorgeous look.......
      To get maximum ventilation and natural light in your house, make sure the building is properly oriented. Orientation of building saves energy and provides comfortable living as well. This article tells you about various factors and benefits of building orientation.
      Preview some of the most impressive pictures of kitchen from GharExpert Gallery.
      A solid roof on building is very important for everybody living in the house. The roof should be constructed in a way that assures you great safety. Here are given details about different types of roofing.
      Frames of doors and windows are most important parts of your doors and windows. They are available in different size, height, width and shapes. Frames hold locks and hinges and support door and windows to shut and open easily. Here is what you need to know about different doors and windows frames.
      Different steel bars are recommended for their relative tensile stresses.Steel bars are major components of construction.Here is what you need to know about steel bars (Sariya).
      Brahmasthan is a powerful zone of the house. It should have open space for flow of energy in the house. The positive energy is very useful for living beings of the occupants of the house.
      Brick work is an important part of construction work done with the help of bricks and cement mortar. It is done with different quality of bricks with different ratios of cement mortar according to the requirement.
      Living room or Drawing room should be located in east or north direction. The ideal location of a living room depends on plot facing.
      Are you remodeling your bathroom? Bathroom shower doors make your bathroom a style icon. Read the following article that will help you select the bathroom shower door that will exactly suit your bathroom.
      Without knowing perfect mixture of cement and sand you can not achieve your goal.
      Manufacturing date, grade and type play vital role in purchasing right cement and there should be no lumps in it.

      Rain Water Pipe
      Rain Water Pipe
      Loose Rainy Water Pipes
      Loose Rainy Water Pipes
      Traditional types of brass door
      Traditional types of brass door
      Modern Type of Chairs
      Modern Type of Chairs
      Types of Soil and Digging Tools
      Types of Soil and Digging Tools
      Different types of ceiling
      Different types of ceiling
      Types of Cracks in the Building
      Types of Cracks in the Building
      Plumbing Piping layout at the time of construction
      Plumbing Piping layout at the time of construction
      Slab concreting with pump (pipe line)
      Slab concreting with pump (pipe line)
      water falls
      water falls
      water falls
      water falls
      Overflow Pipe
      Overflow Pipe
      Pipes made of milsteel
      Pipes made of milsteel
      Clayware drainage pipes
      Clayware drainage pipes
      PVC pipes for drainage system
      PVC pipes for drainage system
      Ductile iron pipes
      Ductile iron pipes
      Cast Iron Pipes for Drainage
      Cast Iron Pipes for Drainage
      steel pipe
      steel pipe
      water fall
      water fall
      Water droplet resort
      Water droplet resort
      under water bedroom
      under water bedroom
      little swimming pool and water fall
      little swimming pool and water fall
      US type Multiple Sockets
      US type Multiple Sockets
      Water seal
      Water seal
      Construction Work with pipes
      Construction Work with pipes
      Location of Water Sump
      Location of Water Sump
      US type Extension Plugs
      US type Extension Plugs
      Use of bad quality water in construction cause this.
      Use of bad quality water in construction cause this.
      Under water world kids room paint ideas
      Under water world kids room paint ideas
      Porch Designs in various color and lounge chair
      Porch Designs in various color and lounge chair
      Painting- The Sleeping Beauty
      Painting- The Sleeping Beauty
      PVC Water Stopper
      PVC Water Stopper
      12 feet high belvedere type cupola
      12 feet high belvedere type cupola
      different types of arch
      different types of arch
      Different types of POP false ceiling design
      Different types of POP false ceiling design
      water garden
      water garden
      Instant Electric Water Heater Faucet
      Instant Electric Water Heater Faucet
      water body
      water body
      Pipe fitting for central ac
      Pipe fitting for central ac
      water level tool help in marking level lines for ceiling and flooring etc.
      water level tool help in marking level lines for ceiling and flooring etc.
      Application sketch - roof water proofing
      Application sketch - roof water proofing
      under water bedroom...
      under water bedroom...
      Material for white wash
      Material for white wash
      Under Ground Water Tank
      Under Ground Water Tank
      RCC water Tank
      RCC water Tank
      water fall
      water fall
      WATER TANK
      WATER TANK
      water harvesting
      water harvesting

      Copyright 2007- GharExpert.com All rights reserved.