General Guidelines While Designing Water Supply Pipe Lines
Designing pipe lines in a house or building needs careful vision. There is no cross connection between pipes for drinking water and pipes containing impure and waste water. Pipe work is accessible for inspection, replacement and repair. All joints of pipes are completely water tight.
Under ground pipe lines are laid at proper depth so that they are not damaged by traffic load etc. Here are given a few guidelines for designing pipelines.
Pipes and fixture should be fixed into proper line to give sufficient volume, adequate pressure and satisfactory function in all normal conditions.
There should be no cross connection between pipes for drinking water and pipes containing impure and waste water.
Pipe work should be planned so that the pipes are accessible for inspection, replacement and repair.
Service pipe should not be connected to any water closet.
The service pipe should not be connected directly to any hot water system also.
The supply of water for water closet should be from storage tank.
(This picture is contributed by "Sumit Arora")
Vertical pipes are fixed in such a way that they should be away from window, ventilator and cabinets etc.
All joints of pipe work should completely be water tight.
Provision of direct supply of water should be kept in kitchen for drinking and cooking etc.
No pipes should be laid or fixed to pass above/below or adjoining any sewer line, scour outlet or drain or any man hole.
Under ground pipe line should be laid at such a depth that it can not be damaged by traffic load etc.
To reduce friction losses, change in direction and in diameter of pipes should be gradual and not abrupt.
Precautions while Fixing Accessory
All pipes which are in open should be painted completely to avoid rusting.
Ball cock must be provided in water tank.
All fixtures and fittings should tightly be fixed.
Care should be taken that the surface of fittings does not spoil while fixing.
All sanitary fittings should be fitted with care without damaging any surface of sanitary ware or developing any crack.
It is advisable that fitting should be covered by papers or old cloths before starting painting. In case any the splashes of paint drops on fittings should be cleaned immediately.
A clean and germ free home is where you live fresh and healthy for long. For a healthy and germ free environment in home we need good knowledge or expert plumber who can set pipe work in a way that it helps in a good way but knowing these tips will help you make sure that the work is being done properly.
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