Construction

What are the raw materials recommended for Aluminium doors?

The following raw materials are recommended for Aluminium doors :
 
Aluminium section as per requirement.
 
DOOR ACCESSORIES

  • Door Handles
  • Door Fasteners 
  • Door Viewer
  • Door Closers 
  • Door Bells
  • Door Frames 
  • Door stoppers 
  • Architrave 

DOOR HANDLE

  • A kind of lever (An object to pull or push with force) found commonly on the outside of a door or swinging main gate to another room. 
  • They are usually placed around 3 feet and 4 inches above the ground. Some handles are made of metal or rarely of plastic. 

Door knob:  

  • A door knob is a popular type used for opening and closing a door. In the simplest form, a door knob provides a place to grab so that the door may be pulled towards oneself. 
  • It normally holds the closed door and is attached to the modern doors. 
  • A door knob may also have an inbuilt lock. Though in some cases it is beneficial to have a separate lock. 

Crash bar/panic bar:  

  • A spring-loaded bar that is mounted horizontally on the side of a door, opens outward. When pushed upon the bar, the bolt is released. 
  • This device is compulsory where the fire exits. 
  • Many of these doors are one-way, and cannot be opened from the outside. To use this device on a two-way door, another type of handle must be mounted on the opposite side. 

DOOR FASTENERS 
 
Latch : 
 
A door fastening device has no locking function. 
 
Lock : 
 
A device that prevents access by those without a key or combination.  

Rim lock: 
 
A lock which is built up to the outer surface of a door.  
 
Bolt:  

  • A metal pipe, usually internal to the door that extends to the jamb(vertical side of a doorway) fastens a door.
  • They are typically manipulated with a lock on the outside and a lock on the inside. Bolts are generally used for security purposes. 

Latchbolt:  

  • A bolt whose surface acts as a base to push the bolt inside while the door is being closed. 
  • By the use of a latch bolt, a door can be closed without operating the handle. 

Deadbolt

  • Deadbolts usually extend deeper into the frame and are not automatically retractable the way while the latch bolts are.
  • They are typically manipulated with a lock on the outside and either a lock or a latch on the inside. 
  • Deadbolts are generally used for security purposes on external doors. 

Push Plates:  

  • Push plates are properly located to receive the normal hand push.  
  • These are centered 45" from the bottom of the frame. 

Crossbar:  

  • A fastener consisting simply of a plank or beam mounted to one side of a door by a set of hooks. 
  • The board can be slid past the frame to block the door. Alternatively, the bar can be a separate piece that is placed into open cleats or hooks, extending across the frame on both sides. 
  • This device is essentially opposite of the crash bar that it effectively makes the door one-way while in us. 

Hinge: 

  • A joint that holds two parts together so that one can swing relative to the other.
  • A component that attaches one edge of a door to the frame while allowing the other edge to swing from it. 
  • One door usually has about three hinges but it can vary. 
  • These are made of stainless steel, aluminum, brass and iron. 
  • Hinges come in a large variety of sizes and weights. 
  • There are various hinges such as Butt hinges, slip hinges, joint hinges, flag hinges, T-hinges, spring hinges, bi-fold screen hinges, latch hinges, concealed hinges, strap hinges and even hinges have anti-microbial coating to control bacteria, mold and mildew 


DOOR VIEWER

  • Optical device fitted into a hole in front of a door enables observation without opening the door.
  • Viewer has a curved lens in it to magnify an image on the other side of the door. Viewers have various degrees of vision. 

DOOR CLOSER

  • These are devices for closing doors or gates automatically after opening. 
  • They may be overhead or floor mounted and either exposed or concealed.

There are two general styles of door closers:

Manual and automatic:  

  • A manual door closer will close a door after it has been opened by hand. 
  • An automatic door closer opens the door itself, typically under the control of a push button, motion detector or other device and then closes it as well by detecting whether it is safe to close the door. 

DOOR BELLS  
 
A push button at outer door that gives a ringing or buzzing signal when pushed. 
 
DOOR FRAMES -
 
Lintel: 
 
A lintel is a long rectangular stone block which levels a door or window opening to support the wall or the weight of the structure above. (Also known as a header). 
 
Jamb: 
 
It is a vertical post that forms the sides of a door frame where the hinges are mounted with which the bolt interacts. 
 
Sill: 
 
A horizontal beam below the door that supports the frame.  
 
DOOR STOPPERS  
 
It is a thin slat built inside the frame to prevent a door from swinging through when closed. Hinges might break without their use.  
 
ARCHITRAVE   
 
It is a decorative molding that outlines a door frame.  



GLASSES FOR DOORS
 
Various types of glasses used in doors are given below -  

  • Clear window glass
  • Plate glass
  • Prism glass 
  • Quartz glass
  • Processed glass
  • Frosted glass
  • Wire glass 
  • Bullet proof glass 
  • Pinhead glass
  • Insulating glass 
  • Colored glass

Clear window glass - 
 
It is thin transparent flat glass. Its thickness varies from 2.5 to 7.5 mm. 
 
Prism glass:
 
It has prism shaped ribs which reflect light. These prisms are provided at different angles. 
 
Plate glass:
 
It is also plain flat transparent glass in thickness of 3 to 32 mm; fitted in the windows of costly buildings. 
 
 Quartz glass: 
 
This glass transmits ultra- violet rays and is used in hospitals. 
 
Processed glass:  

  • The various types available are ground glass, chipped one process and chipped two process glasses. 
  • Some are used for providing privacy because they scatter/diffuse light while others transmit maximum light. 

Frosted glass: 

  • This glass is made by breaking up of the polished surface by a sand blast (High-pressure air mixed with sand applied to the surface of glass to carve texture or to get a cloudy dull finish).
  • It is used to reduce heat and glare. 
  • It is referred as ground glass or translucent glass also and is used mainly in toilets and other places where vision is blocked. 

Wire glass: 
 
A network of wire is embedded in the glass for strengthening.  

Bullet proof glass: 
 
This glass is manufactured with laminated plate. The glass breaks under the impact but does not turn into pieces.

Pinhead glass:  
 
This is also called perforated glass. Holes are made in sheet or plate glass with the help of roller to produce diffusion. It is used for the same purposes as frosted glass for. 
 
Insulating glass: 
 
It is fitted in windows to prevent heat loss. The glass consists of two or more tightly sealed sheets separated by 6-12 mm of dry air. 
 
Colored glass: 
 
It is made by adding oxides of metals to molten glass. 

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