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sir please give me send method of building layout please live vedio with teach s

Sun Sep 18, 2016Total posts : 1
rizwan
rizwan
Join date: Sep 2016
Topic: sir please give me send method of building layout please live vedio with teach s

sir please give me send method of building layout please live vedio with teach send please thanks
Mon Sep 19, 2016Post  #1
S L Gupta (Civil Engg)
S L Gupta (Civil Engg)

Join date: Mar 2008
Dear Rizwan
          

Demarcation/layout Procedure


The following procedure is recommended for demarcation of a building. 

  • For layout of a building baseline is marked on the ground either from centre line of the road or from any permanent building nearby. This line helps to mark out the front of a building. Side baseline is also marked with the help of side structure or road or it can be marked with the help of first baseline or boundary of the plot.
  • Fix temporary pegs at the centre line of walls/columns on both sides of walls and columns in front and back side.
  • Fix peg at the centre line of walls/columns on both sides of wall and columns in left and right side of front of building. 
  • Check diagonals of the square or rectangle formed after fixing pegs.
  • Construct Burji or marking pillars with pegs at a distance of 1.5 meter to 2 meters and their top surface should be plastered.
  • Mark centre line on the top of Burjis with the help of thread (Soot) or with the Thedolite in big projects and the diagonal and other dimension should be checked.
  • Level Burji on all corners of building and the top level is fixed at a proposed plinth level.
  • Mark the foundation of walls/columns according to drawing on the ground with the help of centerline marked on the Burji.
  • Mark foundation trenches on the ground with chalk powder.
  • Excavate the foundation of the walls /columns up to required level and the excavation must be checked with the help of centre line and level burji to avoid any complication later on.  

Demarcation procedure

 

Demarcation lines

 

Demarcation of foundation walls

Advantages of Layout with the help of Burjis

  • It saves time for measuring and setting of point again and again at the time of construction.
  • It increases the efficiency of mason and foreman for doing their jobs. 
  • Accuracy can be checked at any time at any step.
  • If any mistake is found, it can be easily be rectified at early stage. It is very difficult to rectify the mistake in later.
  • Cross check can be done by senior engineer in minimum time.
  • A qualitative work is maintained.

 

Disadvantages for doing the work without layout

At some sites of work the contractor brings steel pieces, erects the same on the ground and start the work of excavation. In due course these steel pieces are just discarded. Thus no proper reference point is available while doing further jobs.

  • It involves extra time for measuring the offset again and again.
  • Accuracy can not be checked at early stage and it will be very difficult to rectify the same in later stage.
  • It involves wastage of time and money while doing rectification. This also leads to bad quality of work.

Materials used during Setting up of Layout

  1. Leveling Instrument
  2. Balli
  3. Long Nails
  4. Hammer
  5. Right Angle(Guniya)
  6. Steel Tape
  7. Thin Cotton Thread
  8. Bricks
  9. Cement
  10. Screen Sand
  11. Lime Powder
  12. Theodolite
  13. Layout of Building


     Layout of Building

    The real meaning and purpose of setting out (layout) is to transfer the plan, length and width of its foundation on the ground so that the foundation can be excavated for construction of purposed building as per drawing. 

    The following preliminary works should be executed before actual planning of layout for the house. 

    •  Clear the site from all grass, bushes, trees, etc.
    •  Record spot levels of the ground.
    • Construct a permanent bench mark in construction area. 

    Base Line

    For setting out /layout, the most important requirement is to establish a baseline. This is marked on the ground as per site plan requirement with the help of offsets which are taken from the existing road or existing building.  

    Centre Line

    Centre line divides the plan into two equal parts. This can be marked in the field with the help of baseline. This line is very necessary and useful for layout. This line should be transferred to Burjis and be kept up to the completion of foundation work.

    'Burjis' and its' Distance

    Burji or marking pillars are masonry pillars constructed with bricks and cement mortar. These are constructed on both ends of walls /columns and center line should be marked on the top surface of the burjis with the help of base line. Burji is also constructed for indicating the plinth level of the building. Burjis are very useful for the layout. Accuracy of the foundation can be checked with the help of Burji at any time during construction. Burjis should be kept intact till completion of foundation work.

     

    ;
 

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