Construction

Electric Fitting and Lighting Fixtures

Electric fitting must be safe and ensure proper safety to the occupants of the house.

Low quality products or appliances can cause fatal accidents like short circuit fire/smoke, break out of fire in entire house, current-shock to any member etc. There is proper electric fitting with lighting fixtures which give lighting of different intensity. Every lighting fixture has some advantages over the other. The following are given various lighting fixtures and proper fixation of fixtures.

Lighting Fixtures

  1. GLS Lamp (General Lighting Serving Lamp): This type of lamps is used inside the building because it has less brightness. Therefore these lamps are not used outside the building and in street lightening. The lamps are available in 25 watts, 40 watts, 60 watts, and 100 watts in the market. These lamps consume more electricity and were used in old days, now these are replaced by fluorescent tube light and CFL (Compact Fluorescent Lamp) which consume less electricity and provide more illumination. 
  2. Fluorescent Tube Light: It is a lamp that produces much light through conversion of ultraviolet energy from low pressure mercury. The lamp consists of a glass tube containing two electrodes, a coating of activated and powdered phosphors and small amounts of mercury. These are available in 10, 20 and 40 watts and in various lengths such as 1 foot, 2 feet, 4 feet. This tube light has multipurpose use as it can be used inside the building and in street lightening. 
  3. Sodium Vapor Lamp: This lamp gives yellow light and is normally used in street light system. These are available in 70 and 250 watts. 
  4. Mercury Vapor Lamp: It gives white light and is normally used for street lights. These are available in 80 and 250 watts. 
  5. Halogen Lamp: Halogen lamps have yellow color spectrum. It is a flood light available in 300 watts. It is a battery of lamp having high power provided with reflector to supply brilliant light. 
    1. Proper Position of Electric Fittings with Fixtures

       S.NO.  Name of Fixture

       Height from

      FFL(Finished Floor Level) Feet

      Cms. 
       1. Switch Plate (Bottom)  4  120
       2. Tube Light/ Bracket Light  7  210
       3. Bed Light  2.5  75
       4. Power Point  6  15
       5. Bell Point(outside the house)  4  120
       6. Call Bell (inside the house)  7  210
       7. Mirror Light   6  180
       8. MCB for Geyser  6  180
       9. Main DB/MCB  6  180
       10. Bottom of Ceiling Fan   8 feet 8 inch  260
       11. Normal Height of Street Light Poles  23 to 30 feet  700 to 900
       12. Normal Height of Post Top Lantern  10  300

      ;
      Avoid daily short circuit and overloading with the use of MCB(miniature circuit breaker), and save your electrical appliances from short circuit.
      Do you know what you should know before hiring an electrician? You are responsible for all electrical faults and its repair. You need to hire an electrician for repair of electrical faults. The following checklist should help you when hiring an electrician.
      Low quality materials, unqualified electrician and a little carelessness in electric works can cause fatal electric shocks in home. Such accidents are not easy to repair and compensate. So it is essential to take every care while doing electrical fittings during construction of your house. This article gives some tips on electrical works during house construction.
      Electricity can be deadly if not used with utmost care. When the phase or live wire touches our body, electric current gives shock depending on the intensity of voltage and paralyze muscular functions of the body. To avoid electric shocks during electric works/contact, make sure you have followed all precautions of electric shock mentioned in the following article.
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      Sometimes due to carelessness or ignorance, electric phase (Live) wire comes in touch with human body and the current flows through the body as the body is good conductor of electric current.
      We all need power to run electrical appliances and different gadgets in our home. For proper distribution of electricity we need to install and maintain the quality wiring by an expert electrician. Following tips will help you understand wiring installation process for your home or office.
      Electrical mistakes are common in each and every house that may be dangerous for residents. When you are designing your dream home it may be that you are not aware about the electrical mistakes and its effects. Here are discussed some common electrical problems that can be harmful for residents.
      These are three types of faults in electrical fitting: .Open Circuit Fault .Short Circuit Fault .Earth fault and Leakage Fault
      The tools for electrical fitting in home: Connector Screw driver (10 cm),Neon Tester,Adjustable Screw Spanner (15cm)
      Fluorescent light tubes come in many shapes and sizes. An increasingly popular one is the compact fluorescent light bulb (CF). A fluorescent lamp produces much useful visible light which require only 1/3 to 1/4 of the input electricity.
      The breadth and thickness of the strips should be checked.Spacing of screws for fixing strips should be checked.
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      Brands of electrical materials-Cables-Skytone
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      Vastu tips for Bathroom help us determine the position of toilet seats, mirror, wash basin, and other fixtures in the bathroom. Preferred color on the walls, position of the exhaust fan, geyser and other accessory is also governed by Vastu and you will find appropriate tips for these in this article.
      A solid roof on building is very important for everybody living in the house. The roof should be constructed in a way that assures you great safety. Here are given details about different types of roofing.
      Different steel bars are recommended for their relative tensile stresses.Steel bars are major components of construction.Here is what you need to know about steel bars (Sariya).


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