Construction

Electric Fitting and Lighting Fixtures

Electric fitting must be safe and ensure proper safety to the occupants of the house.

Low quality products or appliances can cause fatal accidents like short circuit fire/smoke, break out of fire in entire house, current-shock to any member etc. There is proper electric fitting with lighting fixtures which give lighting of different intensity. Every lighting fixture has some advantages over the other. The following are given various lighting fixtures and proper fixation of fixtures.

Lighting Fixtures

  1. GLS Lamp (General Lighting Serving Lamp): This type of lamps is used inside the building because it has less brightness. Therefore these lamps are not used outside the building and in street lightening. The lamps are available in 25 watts, 40 watts, 60 watts, and 100 watts in the market. These lamps consume more electricity and were used in old days, now these are replaced by fluorescent tube light and CFL (Compact Fluorescent Lamp) which consume less electricity and provide more illumination. 
  2. Fluorescent Tube Light: It is a lamp that produces much light through conversion of ultraviolet energy from low pressure mercury. The lamp consists of a glass tube containing two electrodes, a coating of activated and powdered phosphors and small amounts of mercury. These are available in 10, 20 and 40 watts and in various lengths such as 1 foot, 2 feet, 4 feet. This tube light has multipurpose use as it can be used inside the building and in street lightening. 
  3. Sodium Vapor Lamp: This lamp gives yellow light and is normally used in street light system. These are available in 70 and 250 watts. 
  4. Mercury Vapor Lamp: It gives white light and is normally used for street lights. These are available in 80 and 250 watts. 
  5. Halogen Lamp: Halogen lamps have yellow color spectrum. It is a flood light available in 300 watts. It is a battery of lamp having high power provided with reflector to supply brilliant light. 
    1. Proper Position of Electric Fittings with Fixtures

       S.NO.  Name of Fixture

       Height from

      FFL(Finished Floor Level) Feet

      Cms. 
       1. Switch Plate (Bottom)  4  120
       2. Tube Light/ Bracket Light  7  210
       3. Bed Light  2.5  75
       4. Power Point  6  15
       5. Bell Point(outside the house)  4  120
       6. Call Bell (inside the house)  7  210
       7. Mirror Light   6  180
       8. MCB for Geyser  6  180
       9. Main DB/MCB  6  180
       10. Bottom of Ceiling Fan   8 feet 8 inch  260
       11. Normal Height of Street Light Poles  23 to 30 feet  700 to 900
       12. Normal Height of Post Top Lantern  10  300

      ;
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