Wood is still the most popular choice of material for building and other engineering works. As traditional wood such as teak, deodar etc used in the building work is very rare and costly, so hard wood is used in the low budget building construction. After seasoning and chemical treatment hard gives best result.
In the building construction, it is most important to select proper/ right wood work i.e. door windows frame and shutters. As wood is costly item so one should be careful about the selection of type of wood in building constructions. Wood has a great roll in the beauty and appearance of the building. In general there are two types of wood used in construction, one is solid wood and second is ply wood product. In general in construction work, particularly in houses, door and windows’ frames and shutters are made of solid timber. The wood is also used in structure in hilly areas where plenty of wood is available and other building material such as bricks, steel etc are costly and there is difficulty of transportation.
Wood or Timber used for construction should be of first grade and be from the heart of a sound tree, the sap wood being entirely removed. The timber should be free from decay, fungal growth, boxed heart, pitch pocket or streaks on the splits of exposed edges and cracks. The timber should be free from dead knots, warm holes and warps and be well seasoned. The timber which is used in building construction is classified below.Wood or Timber used for construction should be of first grade and be from the heart of a sound tree, the sap wood being entirely removed. The timber should be free from decay, fungal growth, boxed heart, pitch pocket or streaks on the splits of exposed edges and cracks. The timber should be free from dead knots, warm holes and warps and be well seasoned. The timber which is used in building construction is classified below.
Hard wood is non coniferous timber other than teak. This wood is less durable. It will give best result when it is treated properly with wood preservative and also to be used after kiln seasoning. Hardwoods are widely used in multiple various fields such as in building construction, furniture making, flooring and mislaneous work. Solid hardwood joinery is costly as compared to softwood. The cost is reduced by using hardwood thin veneer bonded to a core of softwood, plywood.
Hard wood is available in the market as Timber logs. If you buy a log then you would need to cut the log into the required frame sizes and then let the wood season. Seasoning is a process where you let the moisture in the wood dry to an optimal level. In normal dry warm weather, it is suggested that seasoning for about one month is recommended. After seasoning the timber logs, the logs are then used in the construction work as required.
Hard wood have a smooth surface and can be finished using Paint, Polishing or Varnish
For more details about purchasing guide line of wood/ timber see the link below
Hard wood door shutter
Doors work like solid barriers in a wall opening. They are used for access between rooms and maintaining the privacy. These doors consist of two parts - frame and shutter. Wood is still the most popular choice of material for construction of door and windows. There are various type of wood used in the manufacturing of doors such as teak, deodar, chir, sal, hard wood etc. Due to price rise teak and deodar wood is rarely used. Hard wood door are used these days as per easily availability and low price.
Door design for hard wood doors:-There are various designs available in wooden doors:
Paneled Hard Wood Door Designs
There are four primary types of paneled door design as
- Panel Door
- Solid Core Door
- Hollow Metal Insulated Door
- Hollow Core Wood Door
Consists of wooden panels or boards fixed onto a frame surrounded by wood stiles and railing; panels can be made from solid wood or plywood. Panel doors can consist of one to six wooden panels; but this may be increased. Different types of panels can be used such as plywood, solid timber or glass of various designs and thickness.
- Single panel door
The framing for the single panel door comprises of two stiles (vertical member), a top and bottom rail (horizontal members), all of which are of same thickness.
- Double panel door
It consists of two wooden panels with additional middle rail or stile that divides the frame into two parts.
- Door with three panels
It consists of three wooden panels which include two middle rails or stiles.
- Door with six panels
It consists of six wooden panels including three middle stiles and four middle rails divide the frame into six parts of same thickness.
- Double-leaf doors with six panels
They consist of two frames with three panels each.
- Partly paneled and partly glazed door
It consists of glass panels along with wooden panels. The glass panels are held in place by the use of fixed moldings.
- Solid Core Door
It consists of a solid lumber core, compressed wooden fiber core, or rigid foam board laminated on plywood or metal facing.
- Hollow Metal Insulated Door
It consists of welded sheet metal. Mineral or cement board (fire resistant or rigid foam board/insulation) is usually added as a core
- Hollow Core Wooden Door
It consists of a plywood ( press board) and a honeycomb wood ( paper interior core)
Hollow core wooden doors are usually for interior use only.
Since homes have several doors to enter or exit, it is important to look at the efficiency of these doors. This can be done by selecting an efficient door.
Note: These doors come in a set of standard sizes width: 24, 28, 30, 32, 34, 36 and height: 78, 80, 82 and thickness: 1 3/8, 1 3/4 and 2 (all measurements in inches).
Hard wood window
Various types of windows are mentioned below: