Construction

Make your home earthquake proof


The following points should be kept in mind during construction of building for the protection against ‘Earth Quake’. 

1. Building should be square or compact rectangular.

2. Normally the ratio of length and breadth should not exceed 3 to 1.

3. Building should be in closed shape or nearly so. It is preferred to construct the building in U or L shape.

4. The parts of the building should be tied together firmly and braced at corners stiffly in such a way that the whole structure tends to move as single unit.

5. If possible projecting parts should be avoided. Parapets, cornices, cantilevers’ projection should be reinforced and tied to the main structure firmly.

6. The height of parapet wall should be three times less than the thickness. If the height is more, it should be reinforced with steel rods and should be fixed with roof slab or bottom wall.

7. The structure should be made as light as possible because the force of earth quake is a function of the mass.

8. Particularly, the roof and upper stories of building should be designed as light as possible.

9. The thickness of any load bearing wall should not be less than 23 CM.

10. Do not build the structure above 3 storeys and the height of one storey should not exceed 3 meters.

11. The height of masonry wall should not exceed 1.5 times to the total width of building at its base. The total height of load bearing wall should not exceed 12 meters.

12. Unsupported walls of more than 5 meters in length should be stiffened by brick or concrete pillars.

;
All parts of a building should firmly be tied together and stiffly braced at corners in such a manner that the whole structure will tend to move as a unit.
RCC : It is defined as reinforced cement concrete. Steel: It is an metal alloy of iron with small amounts of carbon; widely used in construction.
Earthquakes strike without much warning. It may harm badly designed & constructed buildings killing its inhabitants. Tips in this article explain about the earthquake resistant construction & your response if the earth quake does happen.
Earthquake can strike suddenly with very little warning. One minute you may be enjoying the company of your kids and friends and the next minute the floor beneath you begins to shake. Here are some tips that may help you to ensure your safety.
Vertical reinforcement is required in all buildings in seismic zones V and three story (or more) buildings in zone IV also.The critical points where vertical steel bars are required through the masonry are following:
.Loose fine sand, soft silt, black cotton soil and expensive clays should be avoided for foundation. If unavoidable the building shall rest either on a rigid raft foundation.
The RCC (Reinforced Cement Concrete) band is as wide as the thickness of wall and 75 mm to 100 mm thick and constructed using M 15(1:2:4) cement concrete
.Vertical clear distance between openings should be less than 60cms. .Horizontal clear distance between openings should be less than ½ x height of the shorter openings subject to minimum of 450 mm.
.Seismic (Earthquake affected) zone in which the building is located. .Type of the soil over which the building is situated. Black cotton soil and expensive clays should be avoided for foundation.
The outer shell of the earth called lithosphere is broken into plates which are in constant motion, moving at about the same speed that fingernail grows.
Kota stone flooring is a subtle blend of grandeur and luxury giving the interior and exterior a gorgeous look.......
To get maximum ventilation and natural light in your house, make sure the building is properly oriented. Orientation of building saves energy and provides comfortable living as well. This article tells you about various factors and benefits of building orientation.
Preview some of the most impressive pictures of kitchen from GharExpert Gallery.
A solid roof on building is very important for everybody living in the house. The roof should be constructed in a way that assures you great safety. Here are given details about different types of roofing.
Frames of doors and windows are most important parts of your doors and windows. They are available in different size, height, width and shapes. Frames hold locks and hinges and support door and windows to shut and open easily. Here is what you need to know about different doors and windows frames.
Different steel bars are recommended for their relative tensile stresses.Steel bars are major components of construction.Here is what you need to know about steel bars (Sariya).
Brahmasthan is a powerful zone of the house. It should have open space for flow of energy in the house. The positive energy is very useful for living beings of the occupants of the house.
Brick work is an important part of construction work done with the help of bricks and cement mortar. It is done with different quality of bricks with different ratios of cement mortar according to the requirement.
Living room or Drawing room should be located in east or north direction. The ideal location of a living room depends on plot facing.
Are you remodeling your bathroom? Bathroom shower doors make your bathroom a style icon. Read the following article that will help you select the bathroom shower door that will exactly suit your bathroom.

Earthquake Safety
Earthquake Safety
HOME DECOR & HOME LIGHT,SANITARY WARE
HOME DECOR & HOME LIGHT,SANITARY WARE
HOME LIGHT & HOME DECOR
HOME LIGHT & HOME DECOR
Damp Proofing With Limited Space
Damp Proofing With Limited Space
Shock proof earthing
Shock proof earthing
Application sketch - roof water proofing
Application sketch - roof water proofing
Home
Home
Town Home floorplan
Town Home floorplan
Hammocks in Home
Hammocks in Home
Study room or home office design
Study room or home office design
Model Home
Model Home
Home Office Interior, Flooring, ceiling and Furniture design
Home Office Interior, Flooring, ceiling and Furniture design
Home Office Seating
Home Office Seating
Door opening in a home
Door opening in a home
3D Home
3D Home
An umbrella outside your home can improve your style tremendously
An umbrella outside your home can improve your style tremendously
Home study
Home study
TV below staircase
TV below staircase
Home office in garage
Home office in garage
Home 3D
Home 3D
Home Gym in Basement
Home Gym in Basement
Modern 3D Home Elevation
Modern 3D Home Elevation
elevation
elevation
Modern Exterior view of home
Modern Exterior view of home
home plan 3D
home plan 3D
Angular view for Exterior elevation of home
Angular view for Exterior elevation of home
Dream Home Apartment Elevation
Dream Home Apartment Elevation
layout plan
layout plan
home my
home my
home theater
home theater
Double story home elevation design
Double story home elevation design
striped pattern made with paint in wall
striped pattern made with paint in wall
layout plan
layout plan
Home Exterior
Home Exterior
home elevation design with gate and boundary wall by jagjeet
home elevation design with gate and boundary wall by jagjeet
4 storey home elevation design
4 storey home elevation design
MAJITH HOME
MAJITH HOME
HAND MADE MURAL
HAND MADE MURAL
Beautiful Home elevation
Beautiful Home elevation
Reception counter
Reception counter
Home
Home
Home
Home
External view of home
External view of home
Modern kitchen with table made from lightwood
Modern kitchen with table made from lightwood
dream home
dream home
Anil Ambani Home Pic-1
Anil Ambani Home Pic-1
Home Layout
Home Layout

Copyright 2007- GharExpert.com All rights reserved.