Construction

What is recommended size and shape of building for the protection in earthquake prone areas?


Some important points on size and shape are following:  

  • All parts of a building should firmly be tied together and stiffly braced at corners in such a manner that the whole structure will tend to move as a unit. 

  • A closed shape, square or similar shapes are preferable to U or L shapes. 

  • Buildings having plans with shapes like L, T, E and Y should preferably be separated into rectangular parts by providing separation or crumble sections at appropriate places. 

  • Shape of the structure: Buildings should be symmetrically designed with respect to mass and rigidity in such a way that the center of the mass coincides with center of the rigidity in order to avoid torsion. 

  • Do not build more than three storey on load bearing walls. Storey height should not be more than 3.2 m except for single story building. 

  • Minimum thickness of any load bearing wall should be 23cm.
     


 
 

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RCC : It is defined as reinforced cement concrete. Steel: It is an metal alloy of iron with small amounts of carbon; widely used in construction.
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.Seismic (Earthquake affected) zone in which the building is located. .Type of the soil over which the building is situated. Black cotton soil and expensive clays should be avoided for foundation.
The outer shell of the earth called lithosphere is broken into plates which are in constant motion, moving at about the same speed that fingernail grows.
The following points should be kept in mind during construction of building for the protection against ‘Earth Quake’.
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