- The outer shell of the earth called lithosphere is broken into plates which are in constant motion, moving at about the same speed that fingernail grows.
- Sometimes when the plates rub each other, they stick a little and do not slide smoothly. When the plates push against each other without moving, the pressure is built up.
- When the pressure becomes more than the edge of the plates can stand, a small part of the plates breaks or readjusts by moving up, down, or sideways.
- This fracturing, crumbling, or readjustment of the plates releases huge amount of energy and causes earthquake.
- Earthquakes are due to the sudden release of the tremendous amount of the energy within the earth by the sudden movement at a point called focus.
- The resulting shock sends out longitudinal and transverse vibrations in all directions in the form of the energy waves which are called Seismic waves recorded on Seismographs.
- Thus the earthquake affects the buildings by destroying or dislocating of the walls, pillars or roofs
All parts of a building should firmly be tied together and stiffly braced at corners in such a manner that the whole structure will tend to move as a unit.
RCC : It is defined as reinforced cement concrete.
Steel: It is an metal alloy of iron with small amounts of carbon; widely used in construction.
Earthquakes strike without much warning. It may harm badly designed & constructed buildings killing its inhabitants. Tips in this article explain about the earthquake resistant construction & your response if the earth quake does happen.
Earthquake can strike suddenly with very little warning. One minute you may be enjoying the company of your kids and friends and the next minute the floor beneath you begins to shake. Here are some tips that may help you to ensure your safety.
The following points should be kept in mind during construction of building for the protection against ‘Earth Quake’.
Vertical reinforcement is required in all buildings in seismic zones V and three story (or more) buildings in zone IV also.The critical points where vertical steel bars are required through the masonry are following:
.Loose fine sand, soft silt, black cotton soil and expensive clays should be avoided for foundation. If unavoidable the building shall rest either on a rigid raft foundation.
The RCC (Reinforced Cement Concrete) band is as wide as the thickness of wall and 75 mm to 100 mm thick and constructed using M 15(1:2:4) cement concrete
.Vertical clear distance between openings should be less than 60cms.
.Horizontal clear distance between openings should be less than ½ x height of the shorter openings subject to minimum of 450 mm.
.Seismic (Earthquake affected) zone in which the building is located.
.Type of the soil over which the building is situated. Black cotton soil and expensive clays should be avoided for foundation.
Kota stone flooring is a subtle blend of grandeur and luxury giving the interior and exterior a gorgeous look.......
Bedroom Wardrobes are essential articles of furniture and are used for storing things in homes. These not only contain clothes and footwear but whatever you need also.
Vastu tips for Bathroom help us determine the position of toilet seats, mirror, wash basin, and other fixtures in the bathroom. Preferred color on the walls, position of the exhaust fan, geyser and other accessory is also governed by Vastu and you will find appropriate tips for these in this article.
A solid roof on building is very important for everybody living in the house. The roof should be constructed in a way that assures you great safety. Here are given details about different types of roofing.
Different steel bars are recommended for their relative tensile stresses.Steel bars are major components of construction.Here is what you need to know about steel bars (Sariya).
Are you remodeling your bathroom? Bathroom shower doors make your bathroom a style icon. Read the following article that will help you select the bathroom shower door that will exactly suit your bathroom.
Rest and relaxation are the two words that are foremost in ones mind when returning home from work. Talking of rest and relaxation, the bedroom comes to our mind quite naturally.Read this article to know about the facts which explain complete vastu for bedroom.
Chairs draw everyone’s attention in drawing room as they are nice-looking and stylish articles of furniture. The selection of superb chairs purely depends on individual choice, requirement and budget.
Apt lighting scheme can transform your bedroom from a purely functional space to an enjoyable and alluring haven within your home.
Living room or Drawing room should be located in east or north direction. The ideal location of a living room depends on plot facing.
Excavation of Earth
Enjoy down the earth
Residential Building Exterior Design
Building Exterior Design
Illuminated Building Exterior
3d elevation for the building
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Types of Cracks in the Building
Cracks in Building
Exterior elevation for commercial building
Building Exterior Elevation
innovative building exterior design
Same style elevations for consecutive buildings only difference in color
3D elevation design for commercial building
Building Exterior design
3D elevation design for commercial building
Exterior view of building
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creepers on walls green building Idea
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Elevation of building
Person doing paint on exterior wall
Elevation of Building
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Elevation of college building
Building Elevation Design
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Under construction 2 story building
Elevation of 2 story white building
layout of building