Hardwood flooring is one of the expensive yet elegent flooring option. The prices vary a lot so keep your budget in mind before you go for hardwood floor shopping. Hardwood flooring installation is not that typical but still need a lot of care.The following precautions should be kept in mind for hardwood flooring.
Precautions for Hardwood Flooring
Installation of Hardwood FlooringHardwood floor installation depends on type of product, area to be installed and the type of sub floor. There are three installation methods given below for hardwood flooring.
The floor is fixed firmly to any part of sub floor by this method. This method is applied through following ways.
Note: This is a very fast, easy and clean method of installation. For example if you want to remodel your floor, you just have to change the top layer product only without destroying/tearing up existing floor.
Hardwood flooring attaches wooden planks directly to sub floor.
To install this flooring, spread recommended adhesive onto sub floor using an appropriate notched trowel (a flat, bladed tool to spread the mixture). The planks are then set into adhesive.
Glue down flooring should be done on dry, fully cured concrete slabs or sub floors.
Nail down or Staple down
This is most commonly used method.
In Nail down method 2 inches nailing cleats (bolts to strengthen wooden work) are installed with wooden flooring with the help of nailer and hammer to attach the hardwood floor to the sub floor.
For staple down method staple/pins are used instead of nailing cleats to fasten hardwood floor to wooden sub floor. The staple down installation procedure is less complicated than nailing down.
You can go for any of above-mentioned methods. However, your dealer or contractor can help you to determine best method for any specific condition.
Finishing for Hardwood FlooringThe following procedure is applied to finish the wood for flooring.
1. Wood Preparation
3. Wooden fillers
Wood Preparation for Hardwood flooring
Wood preparation is the most important step in hardwood finishing. Multiple rubbing with sandpaper, scraping, and sponging followed by sanding is done to remove scratch, grease, oil and other wood defects.
Colorants for Hardwood flooringAfter the wood is well-prepared, dyes, stains or fillers are used for even absorption into wooden surface. However, colorants can be broken into two large groups: dyes and pigmented stains.
Wood with open grain structure such as oak and ash has very large pores. It is desirable to fill the pores to allow surface appear smoother. Fillers are applied in a heavy layer or paste form either by spraying or brushing, and the excess is wiped off with rags, scrapers from the top of the wooden surface.
Glazes for Hardwood flooring
Glazes are transparent or semi-transparent stains which are applied after sealer coat.
Toners are colored applications of sealer or top coat which are used to build up a color. Toners tend to cover the grain because they are essential colors suspended in finish.
Now the wood is finally finished for flooring.;