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what is best basement solution for houses with low ground level to street level?

Wed Mar 01, 2017Total posts : 2
pramod
pramod
Join date: Feb 2017
Topic: what is best basement solution for houses with low ground level to street level?

what is best basement solution(pillars and plinth)  for houses with low ground level to street level? 

My plot (35X50) is 5 feet below to street level. please share thoughts and any plans to minimize extra cost to elevation ?
Wed Mar 01, 2017Post  #1
S L Gupta (Civil Engg)
S L Gupta (Civil Engg)

Join date: Mar 2008
Dear Pramod,
          For detail knowledge of basement you should visit the basement section of construction on the website gharexpert.com.
For plan write to support@gharexpert.com
A reference
      

Designing interiors of basement is a challenging job since the basement lacks natural light and air. The interior design of basement needs highly specialized skills as there is low ceiling, ducts, beams and columns. The basement interior design requires more attention in comparison to the ordinary designs of building to the requirement of house owner. 

Uses of Basement

Before starting basement design, the house owner should consider various uses of basement i.e. Home Office, Gym, Storeroom, Guest Room, Playground for Kids etc. Some house owners want to convert the space in an apartment having bedroom, living room, bathroom and kitchen etc. To have spacious feel in the basement with low level, use light color on walls and ceilings. The interior design of basement is costlier than the space to be designed above the ground. 
       

Problems of Basement Interior Design

The basement interior design should be obtained from professional interior designer since the basement is located at the bottom of the building or either built under the ground or slightly above the ground. The following problems are noticed while doing basement interior design. 
  • Ventilation
  • Duct adjustment
  • Leakage and de-watering
  • Low level hanging pipes 
  • The ceiling has low height
  • Dampness, moist and wet basement 
  • Provision for water supply line and sever line 

Basement Interior Design Ideas

Basement Ventilation

To get natural ventilation, install windows towards road/street above ground level of the area. Exhaust fan should be fixed in the space between ground and roof of basement towards road/street.  Utilize duct pipe to exhaust air above the top of the roof if the basement is fully underground. Install faux windows with duct to counteract the effect of enclosed space. The vent should be fixed to provide natural ventilation.    

Basement Lighting

A bright and clear lighting sets the mood for entire basement and make most effective use of basement space. Fix artificial lighting to compensate the absence of natural light. Task lighting/workspace lighting should be installed with separate control where necessary. The following are a few superior choices of basement superior lighting.

Install florescent lighting that is energy efficient and is preferred to incandescent lighting worldwide. It consumes one third of energy of incandescent lighting and lasts ten times longer. Fluorescent lighting reduces carbon emissions and air pollution. 

You can opt for halogen lights that offer crunchy and very clear light. These lights best work as can lights, track lighting, and task lighting. Use halogen lighting in combination with other basement lighting options. 

You can go for another option of LED lights which like fluorescent lighting produces less than 1/20th of the heat produced by incandescent lights. This lighting reflects focused beams of light and is best used as task lighting such as desk lamps, nightlights, and spotlights, in cabinets and in closets.

Basement Flooring

Ceramic tile floor is one of the best choices for basement flooring. It is damp-proof and remains cold under bare feet. Before installation of basement floor, make sure the floor of basement is leveled with grout or mortar. Ceramic floor tiles are practical and add to the beauty of your basement. Also you can lay carpets or mats to add comfort to the entire basement.   
 

Waterproofing Treatment

Do waterproofing treatment during the construction of basement. To know details of waterproofing of basement click at the link given below.

Water Proofing Treatment for Basement

Provisions for Flood Water

Make arrangements with outer wall of the basement for pumping water out in case of leakage or flood etc.  

Division of Basement Area as Per Requirement

The space should be divided according to the requirement with independent locking arrangement. To make basement spacious, paint wall and ceiling in light color.

Minimum Circulation Space and Internal Walls

Make use of glass panels in basement design to add beauty and to get natural light.
You should minimize circulation space to provide approach to maximum rooms. Do not design circulation space diagonally. Also you should minimize internal walls and make them as thin as possible to save the space.  

Basement Wall Colors

Several basement color options like different shades of green, orange, blue, and yellows will certainly boost up newly finished basement. Such shades of colors definitely add brilliance to previous dark and gloomy basement.   

Basement Doors

Fix sliding pocket door to obtain maximum space and provide minimum doors as for as possible keeping in view the purpose of privacy.

Facilities in Recessed Portions

Construct book shelves in recess of walls to save space and install electricity points in the recessed portion of the ceiling of basement to overcome the difficulty of low level.

Provision of Toilet Facility towards Roadside

Toilet facility should be provided with walls towards road or street to make independent use of basement.

 

;
  Basement walls always needs special care because of outside pressure of soil. Read about What care should be taken for designing and constructing the basement walls.
Basement Flooring need extra care because of moist and dampness conditions. Read details about basement flooring options and precautions you need to take while choosing flooring for basement.
Finish your Basement Ceiling with great ideas from GharExpert ceiling design gallery. Make your basement more inviting with the right choice of ceiling design. Get new style and defination to your basement.
Basement interior design can fulfill your dreams of enjoying more space. You can highlight dark space of basement in effective ways. Read this article to know more 'Basement Interior Design’ and 'Basement Design Principles' .
Construction of basement and multi storey building is the need of the hour as there is less availability of land and rates of the land are very high. We get additional usable space by constructing either basement or upper floor.
Basement serves the purpose of extra space and provides strong base for upper storey.
  A dry basement is a fun place to have. Usually home owners do not care for proper design of the basement at the time of construction and face tremendous problems later on. If care is taken initially, a lot of problems can be avoided.
 
Tue Mar 07, 2017Post  #2
joseph
joseph

Join date: Mar 2017
Post subject: What is the best basement solution for houses wi...

Dear Pramod,

What is the best basement concrete solution for houses with low level of ground at street level?
1. First consult with a qualified structural engineer. The structure may not be as you expect and cause more damage.
2. Determine how much the surface has to be lifted. With a tight rope, make a line from one side to the other. You may find this task easier if you tie it with bricks or something heavy. Repeat this process in many places in the basement. Also make water lines.
3. When you discover the deepest point of the fall, mark it.
4. Build a temporary post using pieces of wood. Make sure the pole is firmly attached to the ground. Alternate position 90 degrees alternately to improve stability.
5. Buy or rent a hydraulic jack. When the space on the temporary pole is adequate to set the hydraulic jack and reach the level it should, it starts to lift it. As it rises it adds smaller blocks to support the center of the structure with each new elevation.
6. When the lowest point has risen to the height of the next lowest point, carefully remove the cat by letting it sit on the temporary pole.
7. Look for problems that may have been caused by the house uprising.
8. Build another temporary post and repeat the process.
9. When the level of the ground is stable in the temporary posts, it is time to put the definitive supports. The brackets that are already can be used with minor modifications. Look at the bottom of the posts looking for cracks or any other problem. If they do not sink they can stay in place.

 

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